Everything you need to know about arugula
Arugula leaves are tender and bite-sized with a tangy flavor. Along with other leafy greens, arugula contains more than 250 milligrams (mg) per 100 grams (g) of nitrate.
High intakes of dietary nitrate have been shown to lower blood pressure, reduce the amount of oxygen needed during exercise, and enhance athletic performance.
This article provides a nutritional breakdown of arugula and an in-depth look at its possible health benefits, how to incorporate more arugula into your diet, and any potential health risks associated with consuming arugula.
Fast facts on arugulaHere are some key points about arugula. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
- Arugula is a type of cruciferous vegetable.
- A certain chemical in arugula may help slow the progression of cancer.
- Arugula might also improve muscle oxygenation during exercise.
Consuming fruits and vegetables of all kinds has long been associated with a reduced risk of many adverse health conditions.
Many studies suggest that increasing consumption of plant foods like arugula decreases the risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and overall mortality while promoting a healthy complexion, increased energy, and overall lower weight.
Arugula provides many of the same benefits as broccoli, kale, and Brussels sprouts.
Recently, studies have suggested that a sulfur-containing compound called sulforaphane gives cruciferous vegetables both their bitter taste and their cancer-fighting power.
Researchers have found that sulforaphane can inhibit the enzyme histone deacetylase (HDAC), known to be involved in the progression of cancer cells. The ability to stop HDAC enzymes could make sulforaphane-containing foods a potentially powerful part of cancer treatment in the future.
Arugula also contains chlorophyll, which has been shown to be effective at blocking the carcinogenic effects of heterocyclic amines generated when grilling foods at a high temperature.
2) Osteoporosis prevention
Low intake of vitamin K has been associated with a higher risk of bone fracture. Adequate vitamin K consumption improves bone health by acting as a modifier of bone matrix proteins, improving calcium absorption and reducing urinary excretion of calcium.
Arugula also contributes to your daily need for calcium, providing 64 mg in two cups.
Leafy greens contain an antioxidant known as alpha-lipoic acid that has been shown to lower glucose levels, increase insulin sensitivity, and prevent oxidative stress-induced changes in patients with diabetes.
Studies on alpha-lipoic acid have also shown decreases in peripheral and autonomic nerve damage in diabetics.
However, most studies have used intravenous alpha-lipoic acid, so there is uncertainty whether consuming it would elicit the same benefits.
4) Exercise and athletic performance
Dietary nitrate supplementation in the form of beetroot juice has been shown to improve muscle oxygenation during exercise. This suggests that increased dietary nitrate intake might enhance exercise tolerance during long-term endurance exercise.
Some researchers believe that it could improve quality of life for those with cardiovascular, respiratory, or metabolic diseases who find the activities of daily life are physically difficult because of lack of oxygenation.
Beetroot juice improved performance by 2.8 percent (11 seconds) in a 4-kilometer (km) bicycle time trial and by 2.7 percent (45 seconds) in a 16.1-km time trial.
Beetroot is just one of many vegetables that are high in nitrate. Leafy green vegetables like arugula are among the top sources.
Arugula also contains:
- 1 g of protein
- 0.3 g of fat
Consuming 2 cups of arugula will provide:
- 20 percent of vitamin A
- over 50 percent of vitamin K
- 8 percent of vitamin C, folate, and calcium needs for the day
Arugula ranks among the top 20 foods in regards to Aggregate Nutrient Density Index (ANDI score). The ANDI score measures vitamin, mineral, and phytonutrient content in relation to caloric content.
To earn a high ANDI score, a food must provide a high amount of nutrients for a small amount of calories.
Arugula can be added to fresh salads, pasta, casseroles, and sauces just like other leafy greens.
Arugula is most commonly consumed fresh in salads but can also be incorporated into pasta, casseroles, and sauces just like other leafy greens.
It tends to sauté faster than its tougher cousins kale and collard greens because of its tenderness.
It lends more flavor to a dish than spinach or Swiss chard.
Arugula is easy to grow and perfect for a windowsill garden – it requires only 3 hours of sunlight per day.
Due to its peppery flavor, arugula is often mixed with other milder greens such as watercress and romaine. In Italy, it is common to top pizza with arugula after baking.
Arugula should be stored in the refrigerator and used within a few days of purchase.
Here are some tips to try to incorporate more arugula into your daily routine:
- Add a handful of fresh arugula to an omelet or scramble.
- Throw a handful of arugula and blend into a fresh juice or smoothie.
- Sauté arugula in a small amount of extra-virgin olive oil and season with freshly ground black pepper and freshly grated Parmesan cheese. Eat as a side dish or top your baked potato.
- Add arugula to your wrap, sandwich, or flatbread.
Or try these tasty and healthful recipes:
It is the total diet or overall eating pattern that is most important in disease prevention and achieving good health. It is better to eat a diet with variety than to concentrate on individual foods as the key to good health.
If you are taking blood-thinners such as Coumadin (warfarin), it is important that you do not suddenly begin to eat more or fewer foods containing vitamin K, which plays a large role in blood clotting.
If improperly stored, nitrate-containing vegetable juice may accumulate bacteria that convert nitrate to nitrite and contaminate the juice. High levels of nitrite can be potentially harmful if consumed.
Consult a doctor before starting a high-nitrate diet if you have cardiovascular disease or associated risk factors. A high-nitrate diet may interact with certain medications such as organic nitrate, nitroglycerine, or nitrite drugs used for angina, such as sildenafil citrate, tadalafil, and vardenafil.
Sleep myths ‘damaging your health’
Widely held myths about sleep are damaging our health and our mood, as well as shortening our lives, say researchers.
A team at New York University trawled the internet to find the most common claims about a good night’s kip.
Then, in a study published in the journal Sleep Health, they matched the claims to the best scientific evidence.
They hope that dispelling sleep myths will improve people’s physical and mental health and well-being.
So, how many are you guilty of?
Myth 1 – You can cope on less than five hours’ sleep
This is the myth that just won’t go away.
Former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher famously had a brief four hours a night. German Chancellor Angela Merkel has made similar claims, and swapping hours in bed for extra time in the office is not uncommon in tales of business or entrepreneurial success.
Yet the researchers said the belief that less than five hours’ shut-eye was healthy, was one of the most damaging myths to health.
“We have extensive evidence to show sleeping five hours or less consistently, increases your risk greatly for adverse health consequences,” said researcher Dr Rebecca Robbins.
These included cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attacks and strokes, and shorter life expectancy.
Instead, she recommends everyone should aim for a consistent seven to eight hours of sleep a night.
Myth 2 – Alcohol before bed boosts your sleep
The relaxing nightcap is a myth, says the team, whether it’s a glass of wine, a dram of whisky or a bottle of beer.
“It may help you fall asleep, but it dramatically reduces the quality of your rest that night,” said Dr Robbins.
It particularly disrupts your REM (rapid eye movement) stage of sleep, which is important for memory and learning.
So yes, you will have slept and may have nodded off more easily, but some of the benefits of sleep are lost.
Alcohol is also a diuretic, so you may find yourself having to deal with a full bladder in the middle of the night too.
Myth 3 – Watching TV in bed helps you relax
Have you ever thought “I need to wind down before bed, I’m going to watch some TV”?
Well, the latest Brexit twists and turns on the BBC News at Ten might be bad for sleep.
Dr Robbins argues: “Often if we’re watching the television it’s the nightly news… it’s something that’s going to cause you insomnia or stress right before bed when we’re trying to power down and relax.”
And as for Game of Thrones, it’s hard to argue the Red Wedding was relaxing.
The other issue with TV – along with smartphones and tablets – is they produce blue light, which can delay the body’s production of the sleep hormone melatonin.
Myth 4 – If you’re struggling to sleep, stay in bed
You’ve spent so long trying to nod off you’ve managed to count all the sheep in New Zealand (that’s about 28 million).
So what should you do next? The answer is not to keep trying.
“We start to associate our bed with insomnia,” said Dr Robbins.
“It does take the healthy sleeper about 15 minutes to fall asleep, but much longer than that… make sure to get out of bed, change the environment and do something that’s mindless.”
Her tip – go fold some socks.
Myth 5 – Hitting the snooze button
Who isn’t guilty of reaching for the snooze button on their phone, thinking that extra six minutes in bed is going to make all the difference?
But the research team says that when the alarm goes off, we should just get up.
Dr Robbins said: “Realise you will be a bit groggy – all of us are – but resist the temptation to snooze.
“Your body will go back to sleep, but it will be very light, low-quality sleep.”
Instead the advice is to throw open the curtains and expose yourself to as much bright light as possible.
Myth 6 – Snoring is always harmless
Snoring can be harmless, but it can also be a sign of the disorder sleep apnoea.
This causes the walls of the throat to relax and narrow during sleep, and can briefly stop people breathing.
People with the condition are more likely to develop high blood pressure, an irregular heartbeat and have a heart attack or a stroke.
One of the warning signs is loud snoring.
Dr Robbins concludes: “Sleep is one of the most important things we can all do tonight to improve our health, our mood, our wellbeing and our longevity.”
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The eighth and final season of Game of Thrones premiered on April 14, 2019. At last, fans are finally going to find out the ultimate fate of Jon Snow, Daenerys Targaryen and the rest of the Westerosi.
Game of Thrones will air every Sunday night at 9 p.m. EST on HBO in the U.S. until its series finale on May 19. Until then, fans are theorizing how the showwill end — and who will win the Iron Throne.
Here’s everything we know about season 8 so far.
What time does Game of Thrones air?
It airs on 9 p.m. EST on HBO in the U.S., and in the U.K. at 2 a.m. on Sky Atlantic as part of the Transatlantic simulcast the show is offering this year.
What happened in the Game of Thrones season 8 premiere?
The Game of Thrones season 8 premiere opened with Jon, Daenerys and their combined entourage arriving at Winterfell to begin preparing for the war against the dead, a development that led to several long-awaited reunions between fan favorite characters. After Sansa and Tyrion got nostalgic about Joffrey’s murder, Jon and Arya shared an emotional moment in the godswood, and Gendry agreed to make Arya a fancy new dragonglass weapon.
As was speculated by fans, Jon finally rode Rhaegal, the dragon named after his father, and Bran spent the majority of the episode staring at people from across the Winterfell courtyard while “waiting for an old friend” — a.k.a. Jaime.
Meanwhile, the Night King and his army were busy sending a message by leaving the dead body of young Ned Umber impaled to a wall and surrounded by a spiral of severed limbs for Tormund, Beric and Dolorous Edd to discover at Last Hearth.
And last but not least, Jon finally learned that he is the trueborn son of Rhaegar Tarygaryen and Lyanna Stark, not the bastard of Ned Stark as he was raised to believe. Unfortunately, since that means Jon is not only related to Daenerys, but also the rightful heir to the Iron Throne, this discovery seems likely to throw a wrench their budding romance.
Here’s what we learned from the official Game of Thronesseason 8 trailer.
The two-minute preview was all about building up to the final showdownbetween the living and the dead that’s supposed to blow the Battle of the Bastards out of the water. All eyes were on an injured Arya Stark running away and in another key shot, an uninjured Arya with a a dragonglass dagger in hand. Another revelation? Tormund and Beric live! And most interesting of all, Daenerys and Jon visit Drogon and Rhaegal, fueling speculation that it might be time for Jon to ride the dragon named after his father. (And in the premiere, it happened.)
Watch the full trailer below.
“Wig,” wrote Maisie Williams who was just one of the cast members to tweet about it.
With just days to go until the season 8 premiere, HBO dropped two new promos, “Together” and “Survival,” as well as a new teaser, “Aftermath,” to get fans hype for Game of Thrones‘ return. While both promos largely featured scenes that we already saw in the season 8 trailer — except for a shot of what looks to be the moments before Jon and Arya finally reunite — the teaser does not contain any show footage, according to HBO.
The Workout (and Trainer) Jennifer Garner Swears By
That’s thanks to her workouts with Simone De La Rue, fitness expert and founder of the popular dance class Body By Simone. Here’s what De La Rue shared about her strategy to help Garner stay committed to her fitness routine.
De La Rue’s Workout Routine for Garner
So what does it take to look as good as Garner does? For starters, there’s no substitute for dedication, consistency and hard work. De La Rue tells LIVESTRONG: “When working towards a goal, I recommend working out five-six times a week for one hour. When you are just maintaining, then three-five times per week.”
And you can bet that Garner — along with De La Rue’s other celebrity clients like Reese Witherspoon and Rosie Huntington-Whitely — never get bored with De La Rue’s workouts.”With my method, all the classes are different,” De La Rue says. “Where some other classes are set, we constantly change it up, which keeps you physically and mentally stimulated. It is a solid mix of cardio and strength training.”
Garner regularly updates her social media with videos of her sessions with De La Rue, and she’s right that no two workouts look the same. There are planks, resistance band training, bouncing on mini trampolines, jumping rope and even some silly dancing thrown in.
But it’s not just the vibe of the upbeat cardio, dance and strength workout that keeps Garner coming back for more — it’s the fact it makes her genuinely happy, too. “If you can find a workout that makes you smile, do it,” Garner captioned an Instgram video of her working out with De La Rue.
And part of the fun is a picking a style of cardio that unleash your inner child. “We do the cardio through dance, trampoline or jump rope,” De La Rue says. “Basically 45 minutes of dance cardio with toning tracks using low weight, high rep to create long, lean, sexy dancer muscle. Clients leave my classes feeling invigorated and joyous. Working out can be fun, and then you realize at the end of the class you’ve burned up to 600 calories and that’s just an added bonus.”
If you’re thinking there’s no way you could jump into a Body By Simone fitness regime and get a body like Garner’s, think again. “There’s an encouraging atmosphere and general sense of fun at my classes,” says De La Rue. “We’re creating a loving environment, so people don’t feel intimidated. People feel comfortable and safe, and that’s really important in fitness. I am selling a feeling and a community and a kick ass workout that really changes your body.”
How De La Rue Approaches Diet and Nutrition
Of course, it’s not just about the workouts. De La Rue is quick to point out that it’s 20 percent exercise, 80 percent diet, saying you won’t see results if you slog away at the gym but your diet doesn’t reflect that.
Although she doesn’t believe in diets, per se, she tells LIVESTRONG how she tries to get her clients — including Garner — to eat. “I encourage my clients to try and eliminate dairy, gluten, sugar, starch and alcohol for a while to give their body a rest and cleanse and detoxify their system. Then I use Paleo guidelines as a way of eating, increasing protein intake to help build muscle and also assist with weight loss.”
The Paleo diet is one made up of only proteins, fresh fruits and vegetables. It’s been dubbed the ‘caveman diet,’ as it’s supposed to mimic the diets our our ancestors. It doesn’t limit the amount of food you can eat, but it does forbid foods that aren’t in the categories.
So what does a typical day’s diet look like for De La Rue? “I love eggs for breakfast with avocado and salmon,” she tells LIVESTRONG. “A protein smoothie for mid-morning snack. Chicken breast and salad for lunch, rice cakes with peanut butter for afternoon snack and roasted root vegetables and turkey for dinner.”
But even a celebrity trainer has her vices, and she admits she’ll top off her healthy day’s food with… wait for it: “A piece of chocolate for dessert, because I’m obsessed with chocolate.”
Same, girl, same!
By Katie Kindelan FROM GMA
ROYAL FAMILY Prince Harry is co-producing a new series with Oprah Winfrey
She is the “queen of talk” and he is a member of Britain’s royal family.
Now Oprah Winfrey and Prince Harry are teaming up on a new documentary series for Apple.
The series will focus on mental health, Kensington Palace announced Wednesday.
“The multi-part documentary series will focus on both mental illness and mental wellness, inspiring viewers to have an honest conversation about the challenges each of us faces, and how to equip ourselves with the tools to thrive, rather than to simply survive,” the palace said in a statement. “This commitment builds on the duke’s long-standing work on issues and initiatives regarding mental health, that has seen him share his personal experience and advocate for those who silently suffer, to empower them to get the help and support they deserve.”
Harry, 34, has made mental health a top priority in his royal charitable work.
Adrian Dennis/AFP/Getty ImagesBritain’s Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex listens to the Youth Ambassadors Mental Health Champions during a visit to YMCA South Ealing in west London on April 3, 2019.
He and his wife, Duchess Meghan, along with Prince William and Duchess Kate, lead Heads Together, a mental health initiativesupported by The Royal Foundation. The initiative is focused on ending the stigma surrounding mental illness.Editor’s Picks
- 1#ParentGoals: Looking back at Harry and Meghan’s cutest moments with kidsMarch 28, 2019
- 2Royal baby alert: Everything you need to know about Prince Harry and Meghan Markle’s babyMarch 21, 2019
- 3How expectant father Prince Harry and dad Prince William are changing royal fatherhoodApril 10, 2019
Harry has spoken openly in recent years about needing therapy after the death of his mother, the late Princess Diana. He has also worked to change the conversation on mental health for members of the military through his work with the Invictus Games Foundation and the Endeavour Fund.(MORE: #ParentGoals: Looking back at Harry and Meghan’s cutest moments with kids)
Harry said in a statement that he is “incredibly proud” to be working with Winfrey on the series. He also confirmed the pair have been developing the project together for “several months.”
Apple announced its multi-year partnership with Winfrey to produce original programming last June. The talk show host was a guest at Prince Harry and Meghan’s star-studded wedding in May.
Getty ImagesOprah Winfrey arrives at St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle before the wedding of Prince Harry to Meghan Markle, May 19, 2018, in Windsor, England.
“I truly believe that good mental health – mental fitness – is the key to powerful leadership, productive communities and a purpose-driven self. It is a huge responsibility to get this right as we bring you the facts, the science and the awareness of a subject that is so relevant during these times,” Harry said in the statement.
He continued, “Our hope is that this series will be positive, enlightening and inclusive – sharing global stories of unparalleled human spirit fighting back from the darkest places, and the opportunity for us to understand ourselves and those around us better.”
MIAMI — Come Thursday, Dwyane Wade will have no games left.
That is the reality, like it or not. After 16 seasons as an NBA player, after three championships, an almost-annual spot in the All-Star Game, a scoring title, three franchises, four children, an Olympic gold medal and 161 teammates, the end is here.
On Tuesday, Wade was playing his final regular-season home game when the Miami Heat hosted the Philadelphia 76ers — with Wade in the starting lineup for the first time all season. On Wednesday, it’ll be a game at Brooklyn to end the season. The Heat started Tuesday with a slim playoff chance, which ended when Detroit beat Memphis.
“I gave this game everything I had,” Wade said. “And I have appreciated every bit of it.”
So Tuesday was the farewell in Miami for Wade. It was the 576th and final time he played at AmericanAirlines Arena, all but one of those coming in a Heat uniform.
“It’s been incredible. It’s been amazing,” Wade said. “A lot of people in that arena have watched me grow, have watched me be imperfect, have watched me make a lot of mistakes in life, as well as watched me blossom and watched me do amazing things, great things. I’m thankful for it.”
The game didn’t tip off until 7:50 p.m. Tributes started in the morning.
A Budweiser video showed Wade getting gifts from people — his mother, Jolinda Wade, and others including Andrea Ghersi, the sister of slain teen Joaquin “Guac” Oliver — in a nod to the way he’s exchanged jerseys with fellow players all season. Gatorade aired a video starring John Legend , who sang a tribute to Wade’s No. 3. Heat President Pat Riley wrote a letter to Wade published in the game program, saying Wade will be loved “forever and for always.”
Ghersi gave Wade her brother’s jersey in the video, which was taped last week. The jersey — No. 3, of course — came with words scrawled in marker: “Please don’t forget my brother.”
There was a pregame series of events inside the arena. Wade addressed the crowd, thanking every teammate — even ones no longer on this season’s roster — by name. Wade’s children were there. Students from Marjory Stoneman Douglas High, where the Feb. 14, 2018, massacre left 17 dead, performed the national anthem. It was fitting that the kids from MSD were there; the tragedy touched Wade deeply and Oliver, one of the victims, was buried in a Wade jersey.
The end of the anthem was drowned out by cheers. Wade’s face appeared on the video screens. The fans roared.
“Noooooooo,” Wade said. “Y’all are not about to make me cry before this game.”
His wife Gabrielle Union-Wade, Heat coach Erik Spoelstra, former Heat greats Shaquille O’Neal and LeBron James, Heat teammate Udonis Haslem and Riley narrated a 5-minute pregame video. Hardly anyone was sitting. Even the 76ers stayed on the floor and watched, looking up the whole time. Zaire Wade, his oldest son, introduced his dad in the same way that his father taped his famous “From Robbins, Illinois” commercial nearly 15 years ago.
“This city will always be proud to rep your name across our backs,” Riley said.
Former President Barack Obama — like Wade, a proud Chicagoan — sent a taped message as well, playing during the first timeout.
“I hope that the next phase of your life is just as fulfilling and just as spectacular as this one has been,” Obama said.
Wade “L3GACY” shirts were given to fans, some of whom spent thousands of dollars for their seats. They got Wade commemorative lanyards. They bought Wade apparel. Some arena workers asked if they could be excused from wearing the usual game-night garb and don Wade jerseys instead. Fans flew in from as far as Australia and China. NBA Commissioner Adam Silver sent his regards in a video.
There also was a game, which seemed ancillary. The first shot? A dunk, by Wade. The decision for him to start was made by him and Spoelstra about six hours before gametime. The reason? They wanted that moment, one more time.
“I don’t want this to end,” said Spoelstra, who arrived for work Tuesday wearing a shirt with a photo of the scene that followed Wade’s game-winning shot against Golden State emblazoned across his chest. “I’m literally having more fun this year and last year than in any of the other years with Dwyane.”
They are the same in so many ways, Wade and Spoelstra. Both came to the Heat as unsure young men. Both have three championship rings now. Both are likely for the Basketball Hall of Fame. When Spoelstra was promoted to head coach in April 2008, he was unsure if he’d be able to handle the job — until he met with Wade a few months later and got pumped full of confidence.
“That’s what great players do,” Spoelstra said. “You talk about Hall of Fame players, they make the other players around them better. Well, great, Hall of Fame, superstar players also make their coaches better. And that’s what Dwyane did.”
Wade is beloved in Miami, of course, for obvious reasons. Beloved in Chicago, too, his hometown. Beloved in Milwaukee, where he took Marquette to a Final Four in 2003.
And this farewell tour — the “One Last Dance” — is a league-wide victory lap for someone NBA players rave about.
“A legend,” Toronto’s Kyle Lowry said.
“Still amazing,” Dallas’ Luka Doncic said.
“My idol,” Washington’s Bradley Beal said.
“A leader,” Detroit’s Wayne Ellington said.
“True winner,” Phoenix’s Devin Booker said.
Wade isn’t 2008 Wade, or Big 3-era Wade, or NBA Finals MVP Wade anymore. But he’s still superb, and with a flair for the dramatic — such as the buzzer-beater to top Golden State a few weeks ago. He’s been the best Heat player all season. It’s hard to imagine how Miami will replace him, because he is going to be clearly missed.
But that’s also part of the reason why this season is his last. Wade didn’t want to go out as a shell of his former self. He wanted to leave the stage with the fans clamoring for more, and that is precisely what has occurred.
“That’s the sweet part of it, seeing him be able to go off on his own terms, saying when he’s done,” James said. “Nobody forced him out or did anything of that nature. He’s able just to hang it up when he was ready to hang it up and be at peace with it all.”
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When the biggest name in makeup is going beyond makeup, it’s worth taking notice. Makeup artist and living legend Bobbi Brown has recently launched a line of supplements designed to address a wide range of beauty concerns, and – get this – you can get them at Walmart! Walmart’s own beauty guru, cosmetics buyer Melanie Deschaine, got the full story.
Melanie Deschaine: Bobbi, we’re so excited about launching Evolution_18 in Walmart stores and on Walmart.com. Everyone knows you as a makeup artist, so it was probably surprising to many customers and fans when you rolled out a health and wellness line last year. Can you explain how protein powder and probiotics make sense for someone known for bronzer and blush?
Bobbi Brown: For me, health and wellness are not something new as a beauty expert. I have always believed that the better you take care of yourself on the inside, the better you’ll look on the outside. This philosophy was just as important to me when I was a makeup artist as it is now. Glowing skin, strong nails and shiny hair all begin with what you put in your body.
MD: I love the focus on inner beauty and self-care. It’s something my husband and I are really trying to instill in our 13-year-old daughter, and I think it’s something we can all practice. Tell me, why is now the right time to come out with a wellness line?
BB: After the release of my last book, Beauty From the Inside Out, which focused not just on makeup tips and skincare, but also featured beauty food recipes and fitness advice, I realized there was an audience out there that was hungry for more. I went and got my degree as a health coach from the Institute of Integrated Nutrition and set out to create simple and effective products that support both inner and outer beauty.
MD: Love it! What about the name “Evolution_18”? Where did that come from?
BB: It’s a combination of the name of my lifestyle company Beauty Evolution, and the address of my photo studio, 18 Label Street. I saw these products as an evolution of the wellness and beauty categories and the name just stuck.
MD: Your beauty line has been carried by the most chic stores in the world – your first makeup line debuted at Bergdorf Goodman. Why was it important for your wellness line to be available at Walmart?
BB: Health and wellness shouldn’t be exclusive, they are things that should be available to everyone. And I can’t imagine a better partner than Walmart to help make my products accessible to everyone. Not only is this new collection affordable, but the supplements really work — and they taste great!
MD: Absolutely! We often say that the beauty aisle might be the only bit of “me time” a customer gets in her shopping trip, so we owe it to her to make that a great experience. What’s the biggest mistake people are making when it comes to their health?
BB: I see the biggest mistake people make when it comes to their health is approaching it as a one-size-fits-all thing. Just because something is working for a friend or family member, doesn’t mean it will work for you. You have to listen to your body to figure out the right combination of food, exercise, water and supplements you need to look and feel your best.
MD: That’s a great lesson, and it’s true for beauty, too. Beauty is about being your authentic self, not shape shifting into what you think you should be. So my personal favorite item from Evolution_18 are the gummies. They taste great and are quick and easy to take. What’s your favorite item from the line?
BB: That is a hard one! I think it would be the Beauty Superfood Powder. It has a blend of over 30 fruits and vegetables, a blend of healthy fats to nourish skin, prebiotic fiber for your gut and collagen peptides for your hair, skin and nails. It is a powerful beauty cocktail and is perfect for adding to your favorite smoothie.
Bobbi Brown’s new health and wellness line Evolution_18 is available in Walmart stores and on Walmart.com.
BATISTE CLEAN & CLASSIC DRY SHAMPOO
- A little goes a long way
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LIVING PROOF PERFECT HAIR DAY DRY SHAMPOO
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ORIBE GOLD LUST DRY SHAMPOO
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If you shudder at the mere thought of flat, greasy hair in a world before dry shampoo, you’re not alone: our budget-friendly winner reportedly sells two bottles of dry shampoo every second, and the $3 billion industry is only on the upswing. But the dizzying array of dry shampoos on the market might leave you wondering which bottles actually get the job done right. After all, how different can powders that absorb oil and eliminate odor really be? Spoiler: pretty darn different.
We tested both fan favorites and lesser-known dry shampoos in a quest to find the ones that work best at reviving unwashed locks across a variety of hair types and textures, from thin and grease-prone to coarser, dry strands. We asked testers to consider which ones did the best job creating volume without leaving behind a gritty mess, and also looked at ease of use — testing products in aerosol cans, shaker cans, and, in one instance, a paste that turns to powder. We also considered scent and number of uses per bottle (our price ranges are based on cost per ounce), which made all the difference with the dry shampoos worth shelling out a few more bucks for.
Editor’s note: We did not test dry shampoos for natural, textured hair or hair worn in protective styles, as the criteria for such dry shampoos is significantly different and warrants its own review, which we plan to publish in the near future.
BATISTE CLEAN & CLASSIC DRY SHAMPOO
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WHAT / WHO IT’S BEST FOR
- Drugstore-beauty junkies
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- People with thinning hair
WHY WE LOVE IT
If you’ve stepped into a drugstore in the last few years, you’ve probably seen Batiste dry shampoo. Our testers across various hair types found it effective at creating volume, absorbing oil at the roots, and transforming a greasy mane of fine, oily hair into a tousled, textured look. That was hardly a surprise: Batiste is the most popular dry shampoo in the world. But that’s not why it’s our pick.
Start poking around and you’ll see why Batiste is such a favorite. The brand’s game is variety and lots of it. Batiste also offers specialty formulas that target different #HairGoals: strength and shine, hydrating, and volumizing.
This dry shampoo may not be the most lightweight or residue-free upon initial application — you’ll find that most options at lower price points share this characteristic — but give your hair a good brushing or combing or flip it upside-down and tousle it with your hands until the product is no longer visible, and you’ll be good to go. As with practically all dry shampoos, you’ll want to make sure you spray all of your roots evenly, being careful not to dispense too much of the product in one spot. Batiste’s dry shampoo is also available in a formula especially for darker locks (to eliminate the issue of residue), as well as one for blondes. Reviewers with thinning hair also note that the colored products work well to fill in spots where hair is particularly sparse.
But let’s talk fragrance, specifically because there are so damn many of them. We found the scent of the original formula — the one we tested — to be quite subtle and pleasant, like to that of clean laundry. Other options include cherry, tropical, floral, “fresh,” “bare” (described as a “clean and light” scent), and “blush” (another floral variation), many of which are available in wallet-friendly five-packs.
If you’re worried about being weighed down, the most lightweight formula we tested in this price bracket was Marc Anthony’s Refreshing Coconut Clear Dry Shampoo, a product that, true to its name, applies almost invisibly and comes in an enormous bottle that lasts approximately forever. We almost crowned it the winner, but its coconut scent, while some found it delightful, is a bit too strong. (One tester in Camp Coconut-Hater said she couldn’t even bear to try it after taking the cap off.) But if you’re up for a scent that’ll transport you to endless summer in a volumizing dry shampoo that leaves no visible evidence, give this one a try.
One of our in-house testers with thicker hair, who uses Batiste on the regular, even attested that they can go a whole week without washing their hair again if they apply enough of the stuff. Color us impressed! Nearly all our testers said they’d spend their own money on Batiste dry shampoo — or noted that the product is already their drugstore go-to.
While we were secretly hoping for an under-the-radar surprise pick to check off all the boxes, we’ve gotta hand it to Batiste for creating a cult-favorite formula that’s earned its status for a reason: it just works, and at the lowest price per ounce among all the dry shampoos we tested. Our advice? Get a multi-pack and stock your office! And your car! And your home! It’s quite possibly the best return on investment you’ll find in your drugstore beauty aisle.
“So I use this in order to conceal my scalp. I have lost an incredible amount of hair. I used to use eyeshadow; however, being this is an aerosol can, it works like a charm. Shake it well, use it a little farther than you would think to, and if your hair is straight, comb through. Mine is curly, however, and I use a pick in order to disperse the excess while I have my head over the sink. Lasts all day. Oh, and of course it works as a dry shampoo. I am so grateful for this product. It helps me face the world without having the insecurity of my thinning hair.”
LIVING PROOF PERFECT HAIR DAY DRY SHAMPOO
Starting from $24
ALLURE BEST OF BEAUTY AWARD WINNER
PARABEN- AND SILICONE-FREE
VEGAN AND CRUELTY-FREE
MADE IN THE USA
WHAT / WHO IT’S BEST FOR
- People looking to mask odor
- People who use dry shampoo more than regular shampoo
- Those with frizz-prone hair
WHY WE LOVE IT
If your beauty-product tastes are more Sephora than drugstore and you’re willing to drop some additional cash on a lighter-weight dry shampoo than our $ pick, you simply can’t go wrong with Living Proof’s Perfect Hair Day Dry Shampoo. The barely noticeable formula provides a bit of texture and was a hit across all hair types and textures. The consensus was clear: this stuff produces lasting volume and refreshes days-old hair like none other we tested within this price bracket.
While the product does apply white, it absorbs very easily. This is due to something the company calls its “Healthy Hair Molecule” (OFPMA), a patented technology that helps eliminate frizz, smooth strands, and repel dirt and odors so hair stays cleaner longer. Be especially sure to spray 6 to 10 inches away from your scalp. Comb through and/or massage it into your hair with your fingertips until it’s completely disappeared. The feeling of any grittiness or product on your scalp quickly fades.
One BuzzFeed staffer with super-dry hair who’s a regular user of Living Proof’s dry shampoo attests that it helps her blowouts last several days longer than they otherwise would. Other users with grease-prone hair were impressed by its ability to create volume without feeling heavy or full of product. So go on, apply this stuff and run your fingers through your tresses with abandon!
After using Perfect Hair Day, you might also be delighted by its delicate “I just left the salon with fancy products in my hair” scent. You may, like one of our testers did, even find yourself wishing it were a perfume. The product is formulated with a time-released fragrance that keeps hair smelling clean all day, and it’s safe for colored and chemically treated hair. And while this is neither a deal-maker nor a deal-breaker, did we mention how much we love its easy-on-the-eyes, minimalist slate-colored bottle? Your drugstore fave is shaking.
Perfect Hair Day is rivaled only by Amika Perk Up Dry Shampoo, a product that won us over across pretty much all criteria. It ultimately lost out to Living Proof’s dry shampoo because the bottle didn’t last as long. It’s still a solid contender, though, with its fun packaging and a luxurious but not overpowering floral scent that smells expensive.
We’re confident in calling Living Proof’s Perfect Hair Day one of the best dry shampoos on the market — if not the best — considering its value, its stellar ability to perk up sad, dirty hair for the entire day (or longer), and its pleasant, long-lasting scent.
“It not only absorbs oil and sweat but gives you great volume! A little goes a long way and you do need to brush it out to move the product around and get rid of the white color, like any other dry shampoo. I can definitely skip washes and create hairstyles I thought would be impossible for my long, thin hair.”
ORIBE GOLD LUST DRY SHAMPOO
Starting from $44
NO PARABENS, SULFATES, OR SODIUM CHLORIDE
VEGAN AND CRUELTY-FREE
MADE IN THE USA
WHAT / WHO IT’S BEST FOR
- People who swear by luxury beauty products
- People who get frequent blowouts
- People with color-treated or damaged hair
WHY WE LOVE IT
Oribe’s Gold Lust looks, smells, and works like money, and we think it more than earns its status as the best high-end dry shampoo your hard-earned cash can buy.
When BuzzFeed UK staffers pitted drugstore and luxury dry shampoos against each other, editor Remee Patel called Oribe “literally the most glorious product” she had ever used, adding, “It’s so bloody classy, it’s literally class in a can. Before, my hair was slightly flat, but after just a few sprays it looked like I’d been styled for a photo shoot — I felt so goddamn glamorous.” We truly can’t put it any better than that (not least because we’re not versed in charming Britisisms).
Like a “sexy hairstyling ghost,” as another BuzzFeeder described it, this stuff is so lightweight that at one point we had to make sure something was coming out of the spray bottle because we could barely even feel it. (No one would dare call it “gritty,” as some did with our $ and $$ picks.) But the effects were certainly visible: instant volume, a silky-soft clean feeling, and a hint of fresh fragrance (that won’t compete with your perfume) to mask any eau de dirty scalp. Even those of us with darker hair, who would normally see a speck of residue upon initial application, had none. We hardly even had to work it through our hair with our fingers to see results. A little goes a long way with this product, too. Witchcraft? No, just an absurdly expensive dry shampoo that, as it should, works absurdly well.
If you regularly spend the equivalent of this product’s price tag getting your hair blown out at a place like DryBar (whose dry shampoo was a very close runner-up at this price point) and you want upkeep between salon visits, this might be the product for you. Plus, at nearly twice or thrice the size of other bottles we pitted this one against, Oribe’s 6-ounce can should last even if you’re using it a few times a week. (For comparison, DryBar’s Detox Dry Shampoo weighs in at 3.5 ounces, with a $23 price tag.)
This price bracket also included dry shampoos in shaker cans, as well as one maverick on the scene that starts off as a paste and then turns powdery. While we were intrigued and went into the testing phase open-minded and hopeful, nothing stepped up to the plate the way Oribe did. And can we also talk about how pretty the bottle is? The chic black packaging with gold-scribble ombre detailing wouldn’t look out of place in a luxury-hotel toiletries collection.
Who needs to spend $44 on a bottle of dry shampoo? Well, of course no one needs to — especially with similar products on the market whose effects rival this one at nearly half its price. But if you’re a loyal fan of the Oribe brand and/or you get off on dropping cash on luxury hair products, this is THE luxury dry shampoo you want in your gold-faucet-adorned bathroom. Money can’t buy you happiness, but it turns out it can buy you a dry shampoo that makes you feel nothing short of fabulous each time you pick it up.
USER REVIEWS“This is THE best dry shampoo I have ever used. Well worth the money. The can is bigger than other dry shampoos I have purchased, so I’m sure it will last me awhile. And it doesn’t leave anything on my hair where I feel I have to dust off. Just plumped up my hair with my fingers and I’m all set. I have gotten compliments on days I’ve used it.”
“Like all Oribe products, this dry shampoo is amazing and well worth the price. It smells fantastic and will get you through the day without having to wash your hair. The can is also massive, so even though it costs a lot it will take you forever to get through.”
Fasting Is More Than A Fad
Fasting may be more than a fad diet
Fasting might seem like just another diet trend, but the science behind it is revealing some surprising health benefits.
So much was happening, it was hard to take it all in.
Just over a year ago, Alex Allen moved across the country to San Francisco. He’d landed a job as a software engineer, achieving his dream of working in a city at the center of the tech industry. The 24-year-old loved the area’s open culture and mild, consistent weather. He wanted to make the most of his adopted city.
But socializing inevitably posed a problem. Sometimes, dinner with new friends meant he sipped water as he watched them chow down.
In the last couple of years, he’d started a fasting diet — 16 hours of fasting and then eating within an eight-hour window each day. It had been a wake-up call for his body. In his late teens and early 20s, he lifted weights regularly, but he also packed on a lot of fat. He was over 200 pounds, and he was tired of it.
So he tried a 16-hour fast, a popular method called 16:8. He experimented with another popular regimen, 20:4, eating within a four-hour window of a 24-hour day. Like a bodybuilder switching to heavier barbells, Allen eventually mixed in daylong fasts to his routine. His weight dropped to 166 pounds within four months.
He stuck to his diet in San Francisco but realized he’d have to just get through that part of sitting down to a meal with people. “It was a bit odd at first,” says Allen. “But I don’t mind doing it anymore. It starts a lot of conversations.”
Fasting began as a way for him to lose flab. It soon became a way of life. “Nowadays, I do it for the other health benefits and just because it makes me feel great,” says Allen. Those benefits are more energy, inner calm and mental clarity. “I can’t imagine fasting not being part of my routine for the rest of my life.”
Allen is part of a growing trend that started several years ago, when fasting caught the public’s attention as a weight-loss strategy. Advocates say the practice is easier to stick to than other diet plans. But that alone doesn’t account for its staying power. Fasting also has its share of clinical studies to back it up.
Research shows it’s an effective weight-loss strategy and also has potential to improve health for people of normal weight. Regular practice may delay the onset of age-related diseases, such as cancer, Type 2 diabetes and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s. It also appears to enhance learning and memory, and can increase life span.
In addition, fasting is being explored as a supplemental treatment for brain injury, various cancers and metabolic syndrome. Most of these results are preliminary, and many of them are conclusions from animal studies.
Still, Valter Longo, a cell biologist and fasting researcher at the University of Southern California, says fasting is the body’s built-in fixer. It holds the power to heal. “But now, because we eat all the time, that inner repair has been eliminated,” he says. “We are not benefiting anymore from this ability.”
Fasting is not the first dietary approach to excite researchers. Before fasting, there was caloric restriction, or CR. The methods have much in common. Overall, they both drastically reduce energy intake and bring about similar health benefits. They’re like siblings in a way, especially since fasting studies emerged from work on CR. And now, many former CR researchers are exploring fasting, often setting the two against each other in the lab.
Although CR never caught on with the public like fasting has, it remains an important dietary experiment for scientists studying the biology of aging. To better understand today’s fascination with fasting, we first need the skinny on CR.
120 or Bust
Scientists have studied CR for 100 years. In that time, they have realized that lab animals whose daily energy intake was restricted by 20 to 40 percent lived longer and had a lower chance of chronic illness and disease. It was a baffling revelation: Eating less than the body apparently needs is a healthy strategy.
Up through the 1980s, researchers carried out the majority of CR experiments only on yeast, flies, mice and rats. An important question remained: Would CR work in humans?
That opportunity came by chance in 1991, when eight scientists entered Biosphere 2, an enclosed artificial ecological system near Tucson, Arizona. Their mission was to live for two years on food grown within the domed habitat to glean information for future biosphere space colonies.
Physician Roy Walford was one of the scientists. He also happened to be a CR devotee and had recently written a book on living to the age of 120 by following the regimen. Soon after entering, the team realized the food they raised in the dome wouldn’t be enough to sustain them. So Walford implemented an impromptu CR experiment. The four men and four women reduced their approximate calorie intake by up to 30 percent. It was essentially the first human study of CR and its effects.
In a paper published in 2002 on the pseudo-experiment, Walford and colleagues reported that the Biosphere staff had been in excellent health. Nearly all of them lowered their blood pressure, blood sugar, cholesterol and other health measures. Still, their skeletal appearance was shocking. “They were malnourished, and they didn’t look healthy,” says Eric Ravussin, a metabolic researcher at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
Biosphere 2 helped lay the groundwork for an unprecedented study. In 2008, Ravussin and collaborators put together the first rigorous clinical human trial of CR, called Calerie.
The trial, which aimed to investigate how food deprivation affects the aging process, involved 218 normal and slightly overweight men and women between the ages of 21 and 51. Of the group, 143 of them were tasked with following CR, eating 25 percent fewer calories than usual — a decrease deemed feasible based on animal studies. They were to keep this regimen for two years with help from a behavioral intervention team and dietitians to make sure they were getting basic nutrition.
Most people in the CR group completed the trial, but their average drop in calories was just 12 percent. It didn’t matter, though. Blood pressure, cholesterol, glucose, insulin and other biomarkers fell, possibly lowering their risk for heart disease, cancer and diabetes.
After the trial, another research group fed the Calerie biomarker data into age-estimation algorithms; they wanted to see whether CR might have had an effect on longevity. The conclusion was striking: During the study period, the people following CR had aged more slowly than those in the control group.
This mirrored some of what researchers were finding in non-human primates. Rhesus monkeys share 93 percent of their genetic makeup with humans and usually live to about 26 in captivity. In one study on 76 rhesus monkeys that’s been running since 1989 at the Wisconsin National Primate Research Center, monkeys on a 30 percent calorie cut lived, on average, two to three years longer than control monkeys. Another ongoing study, started in 1987 by the National Institute on Aging on 121 rhesus monkeys, hasn’t detected the same boost to longevity. But CR has worked remarkably well for the 10 males that started the diet later in life. At least four have lived past age 40, including one to 43 — a record for the species.
As Old as Life Itself
Despite the data from studies, scientists still aren’t completely sure how and why CR works. It might be an adaptation that developed billions of years ago in microorganisms trying to survive when food was scarce. Studies on E. coli show that when switched from a nutrient-rich broth to zero nutrients, the bacteria live four times longer.
It appears that restricting calories activates genes that direct cells to preserve resources. Rather than grow and divide, cells in famine mode are, in effect, stalled. In this state, they are mostly resistant to disease and stress and enter into autophagy, a process of cleaning out dead or toxic cell matter and repairing and recycling damaged components.
On top of that, in mammals, production of a hormone that’s key to cellular growth, called IGF-1, drops, according to several papers. The hormone helps youngsters grow tall and strong, but in adults, it increases cancer risk and accelerates aging when not suppressed.
Jeffrey Peipert wasn’t necessarily after any potential anti-aging benefits when he enrolled in the Calerie trial. And he wasn’t purely aiming to advance the research on cellular aging. He mostly wanted to lose weight.
Peipert was 48, stood at 5 feet, 5 inches, and weighed 174 pounds. During the trial, he cut his daily food intake from 3,300 to 2,475 calories, and his weight dropped to 147 pounds. His health biomarkers, especially his blood pressure, were excellent. “It was a remarkable drop in blood pressure. That taught me that, for our health, if we were just a little thinner, we’d be better off,” says Peipert, a gynecologist and researcher at the Indiana University School of Medicine.
The big takeaway from Calerie, Longo says, is that the biomarkers of health are controllable through weight loss. “So if your doctor is telling you that you need drugs to control these things, that’s not true,” he says.
Not All Magic
Although CR might be metabolic magic, it’s no magic bullet. Some mice bred to carry certain genes for lab research don’t benefit from it, and it actually shortens life in other genetically modified mice. The deprivation can weaken the immune system of very young and very old animals, making them susceptible to disease. And although cutting calories by 25 percent has been standard, it’s not clear if that’s best for animals and humans.
As with mice, people react differently to food deprivation. In recent years, scientists have learned that genetics, diet composition (amount of carbs, protein and fats), regular exercise and other factors play a role in CR’s effectiveness.
Peipert’s experience in the Calerie trial points to these issues. Despite his banner biomarkers, he had trouble sleeping, a reduced libido, low energy and was hungry most of the time. “I used to love to garden,” says Peipert, now 57. But during the trial, “I was wheeling a wheelbarrow around full of dirt, and I felt weak. I wasn’t myself.”
These types of side effects weren’t more common in CR dieters overall, but several people had to pull out of the study because of safety concerns. Noted side effects of CR are chronic loss of bone density and lean body mass, and excessive weight loss. Some CR dieters have body mass indexes in the teens, which suggest malnutrition and frailty, Longo says.
CR can lead to psychological issues, too. These were minimal in the Calerie trial, but Ravussin says that’s likely because people were screened for predispositions: food fantasies, irritability and social isolation, he says. Some of the Biosphere 2 scientists said they became prickly and obsessed about food during their 21-month deprivation.
Kelly Vitousek, a psychologist at the University of Hawaii who has written review papers on CR, says these problems make sense from an evolutionary perspective; food is one of our top priorities. “Don’t waste your time on other stuff,” she says. “Think food, not about socializing, not about sex. Be preoccupied with food. Obtain it.”
During the Biosphere 2 experience and the Calerie trial, some researchers hoped CR would become a viable regimen. But the enthusiasm has significantly cooled. While side effects were an issue, people’s inability to stick to a significantly reduced calorie load every day was the hammer blow. At this point, fasting was CR’s heir apparent: It seems eating nothing on occasion might be better than eating less all the time.
Fasting has deep roots in human culture. It’s been a practice within various religions for millennia, and the ancient Greeks marveled at its impact on the body and mind. For centuries, doctors noticed it could reduce epileptic seizures. Paracelsus, a 16th-century German-Swiss physician, called it “the physician within.”
But it wasn’t until the 1940s that the first experiments began as an outgrowth of CR studies. Researchers started withholding food from lab animals on alternate days, says Michelle Harvie, a research dietitian in Manchester, England. And in 1946, The Journal of Nutrition published the first study on fasting, showing that rats deprived of food every third day lived longer and were less likely to develop tumors than control animals. Later work showed that fasting spurs metabolic changes similar to those of CR.
By the 2000s, some fasting studies were showing better results than CR. In a 2003 experiment, Mark Mattson, a neuroscientist at Johns Hopkins University and the National Institute on Aging, found that mice fed on alternate days were healthier than mice that were calorie-restricted by 40 percent.
In 2012, the idea of fasting was popularized when BBC commentator Michael Mosley aired a popular television documentary about the diet. A best-selling book, The Fast Diet, followed the next year.
As fasting has grown in popularity, scientists and nutritionists have developed different methods of the practice. Some, such as Allen, practice time-restricted feeding, like the 20:4 regimen. Some push the approach to 23:1, cramming all their eating into one hour of a 24-hour day. Other approaches space out fasting days throughout the week, such as the 5:2 method — two days of fasting over seven days. Some enthusiasts supplement their practice with dayslong fasts.
Although people normally think of fasting as only consuming water, the most popular of these plans does allow for calories on “fast” days — just not enough to impede the practice’s healthy physiological effects, says Mattson.
In 2012, Carolyn Corbin, who lives in the Channel Islands, got some firsthand experience with fasting’s flexibility. At 5 feet, 2 inches tall and 159 pounds, Corbin was overweight, with a BMI of 29.1. After seeing Mosley’s BBC show, she took up the 5:2 regimen, eating 500 calories two days a week and eating normally the rest of the time. She soon switched to water-only fasts two days a week. Since taking up the practice, the 65-year-old has lost 35 pounds and kept it off. “Forget calorie counting, diet food and diet drinks,” Corbin says. “Fasting for weight loss works.”
And there’s more than anecdotal experience like Corbin’s that fasting can help people lose weight. In a one-year study, 100 obese adults ages 18 to 64 were assigned to three groups. One group practiced alternate-day fasting, eating 75 percent fewer calories every other day; another group followed CR, with a 25 percent calorie restriction every day; the rest were in a control group. Compared with the control group, the fasters averaged 6 percent weight loss, and those assigned to CR averaged about 5 percent, according to the 2017 paper in JAMA Internal Medicine.
Even with these results, one of the concerns with fasting is that people will binge on non-fast days. But the results of two months-long trials, published in 2018 in the journal Food Science & Nutrition, showed that dieters, specifically those following 5:2, didn’t binge. “When you impose a two-day 70 percent calorie restriction, what they do on the natural days is eat about 25 percent less,” says Harvie, one of the authors of the study and a co-developer of the 5:2 diet. “And that is why the diet is so effective.”
Popular Water-Only or Low-Calorie (500-600) Fasting Plans:
1. Time-restricted feeding: Eating within a specific window of time in a 24-hour period. The most popular is 18:6, eating only during a six-hour period of a 24-hour day. Other variations are 20:4, 22:2 and 23:1.
2. Alternate-day fasting: Fasting every other day.
3. Intermittent fasting: Fasting one day or several days a week. Most popular is 5:2 — eating normally five days a week, fasting two days a week.
How Low Can Calories Go?
People can live days with no food and water, and weeks or several months consuming only water. In lab animals, when calorie intake is cut by more than 50 percent, they eventually die of complications from starvation. In the final stages of starvation, the body, depleted of glucose and fatty acids, turns to muscle protein for energy. Humans die when their body mass index (BMI) is around 12.
|Gender||Average calorie requirements||Low but sustainable: 25% restriction||Danger zone: 40% restriction||Fatal BMI|
BMI Ranges for Adults
Body mass index, or BMI, uses height and weight to determine how healthy a person’s weight is. (To calculate, multiply weight in pounds by 703, divide by height in inches, then divide again by height in inches.) Though it doesn’t measure body fat, BMI has been shown to correlate closely with metabolic and disease risks. In general, health risks rise for people with BMIs of 30 and above or below 18.5.
The Ketone Connection
Is fasting better at improving people’s health than CR? It’s far from clear. However, rodent experiments suggest it might be better at enhancing cognition.For years, researchers have seen mice and rats perform well on cognitive tests when famished. While on alternate-day fasting, rodents improve their endurance, senses, memory and ability to learn.
So what accounts for this heightened mental state? It seems fasting triggers a dramatic switch in the body’s metabolism, according to a paper Mattson and colleagues published in February in the experimental biology journal FASEB. In humans, fasting for 12 hours or more drops the levels of glycogen, a form of cellular glucose. Like changing to a backup gas tank, the body switches from glucose to fatty acids, a more efficient fuel. The switch generates the production of ketones, which are energy molecules that are made in the liver. “When the fats are mobilized and used to produce ketones, we think that is a key factor in accruing the health benefits,” says Mattson.
One type of ketone flooding the brain is beta-hydroxybutyrate, or BHB. According to a paper published in February in Nature Reviews Neuroscience, BHB stimulates memory, learning and the cellular housekeeping process of autophagy in mice. BHB also triggers neurons, including those in the hippocampus, a memory center in the brain, to release what’s called brain-derived neurotrophic factor, or BDNF, a protein that is important for learning, memory and improved mood. CR doesn’t generate these levels of ketones because glucose stores are never empty.
Mattson points out that, from an evolutionary perspective, the brain power that fasting generates makes sense. Mammals typically go days without food, often hunting on an empty belly. Semi-starved animals with enhanced smarts and energy would be more likely to obtain food and live another day. “If you are that wolf or lion, now a week with no food, you better be able to focus your mind and concentrate on what you need to do to get food,” he says.
Ketones might also help explain several mysteries surrounding brain injuries and disorders. For instance, fasting rodents recover more fully from brain trauma and spinal cord injury, according to several studies.
Feast or Fad?
But fasting comes with its own caveats: a higher risk of binge eating, low blood pressure, irritability and headaches. The latter two tend to go away after a few weeks, as the body adjusts to fewer calories. Still, dayslong fasts can cause fainting spells. Doctors recommend it only under the guidance of a physician.
Ravussin, the CR researcher, isn’t convinced fasting offers more benefits than CR, or that ketones are as powerful as Mattson and Longo say. “Ketones are a good thing to curb your appetite, but are they a good thing as far as cellular health?” he asks. “I have not seen convincing data that says yes.”
Harvie believes fasting might be here to stay, partly because it’s flexible. People can choose a fasting practice and nutrient plan that fits their lifestyle, she says. “We twitter on about which diets are better. But at the end of the day, a diet is only as good as the person who follows it,” says Harvie. “For some people, the 5:2 will be perfect, and for others, it will be absolutely awful.”
Vitousek, the psychologist, has seen this kind of enthusiasm before — and it was for CR. Caloric restriction never reached fasting’s popularity, but it had its share of lay followers in the 2000s, when she got a chance to talk with members of a group practicing it. Initially, they were excited and motivated. Then, like most dieters, the majority began to fall away. Some who had done CR for years simply couldn’t do it anymore. “You can pretty much take that to the bank,” Vitousek says of dieters’ waning enthusiasm. “That’s why we have these cyclical waves.”
For Peipert, it’s been a seesaw journey. He’s always struggled with his weight, and obesity runs in his family. A few years after the Calerie trial, he regained all the weight he’d lost, plus 6 pounds. “That kind of drastic calorie reduction for two years is probably not a sustainable or good plan for lifelong weight loss,” he says.
When fasting emerged as a diet, Peipert was skeptical. But in March, he started the 5:2 regimen. It was hard at first, he says, but by midsummer, he’d lost 9 pounds. He hopes to lose 10 to 15 more. “It has helped me control my hunger,” says Peipert. And with his experience of CR still on his mind, “No side effects.”
Even though fasting and caloric restriction can offer health benefits, both require eating less — something unappealing to most people. So scientists and nutritionists have experimented with ways to mimic the biochemical and physiological effects brought about by sustained periods of food deprivation.
Ketosis occurs when the body, deprived of food for 12 hours or more, switches its energy source from carbs and glucose to fatty acids. The process generates ketone bodies that may have healthy effects.
Keto diets, composed of low-carb, high-protein and high-fat foods, can also spark this metabolic switch. Since the 1920s, keto diets have been used in medicine to reduce epileptic seizures. More recently, the diets have supplemented standard treatments for Type 2 diabetes and cancer, with promising results.
Over the last few years, keto diets have gained mainstream popularity. Some celebrities and sports stars embrace them, and people who fast use the regimen to further push their body into ketosis.
But followers beware, says nutrition researcher Michelle Harvie. Dieters going keto tend to lose weight, but the diets are low in fiber and high in saturated fat, which is a risk for cardiovascular disease. “And there is increasing evidence that its effect on the gut microbiome is pretty adverse,” says Harvie. “The gut microbiome is a poorly understood but potentially important part of our metabolic health. And if you mess that up, you’re in trouble.”
Valter Longo, a cell biologist at the University of Southern California, has developed ProLon, a five-day diet that mimics a five-day fast, but without loss of essential nutrients. It’s an all-vegan diet with high unsaturated fat (think almonds, avocados and peanut butter), low sugar and low protein.
In a 2017 study in Science Translational Medicine, 71 participants who completed the fasting-mimicking diet showed health benefits including weight loss, lower blood pressure and a drop in levels of the hormone IGF-1, which primarily stimulates growth but also plays a role in regulating blood glucose levels. And depending on how healthy you are, you may not need to stick to the diet too long. For instance, Longo says a healthy athlete may need to do it only twice a year, while someone who’s overweight may need to continue with it until they see the improvements they want.
Medicines that treat chronic medical conditions, like epilepsy and Type 2 diabetes, are being explored to mimic fasting. The major players are rapamycin, metformin, resveratrol and hydroxycitrate. The drugs show promise, but also have downsides.
Rapamycin, for example, tricks cells into thinking they’re nutrient-deprived, sparking the cellular rejuvenation seen in fasting, but it also suppresses the immune system. That’s helpful in medical scenarios, such as preventing organ rejection after a transplant or to treat autoimmune diseases, but not so great for the average dieter.
‘Alexa ‘Adds New Medical Skills
- Amazon Alexa is now HIPAA compliant, meaning it can work with health developers that manage protected health information.
- That’s a big step for Amazon as it moves into the health space.
- The company said it worked with partners on six new health skills, which help people make doctor’s appointments and check their health status.
Amazon’s voice assistant can now manage people’s sensitive health information, which represents an important step for the company into the $3.5 trillion health care sector.
As of Thursday, consumers will be able to use about half a dozen new Alexa health skills to ask questions such as “Alexa, pull up my blood glucose readings” or “Alexa, find me a doctor,” and receive a prompt response from the voice assistant.
Amazon is able to add these skills because Amazon can now sign business associate agreements with health providers under HIPAA, which means third-party health developers who follow certain guidelines can meet the rules and requirements that govern how sensitive health information is transmitted and received. HIPAA, or the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, is designed to protect patients in cases where their personal health information is shared with a health care organization, like a hospital.
Voice technology has been heralded as a major breakthrough for the health field, particularly for seniors, kids and those with mobility problems. As a result, Amazon, and its rival Alphabet, have been increasingly focused on the needs of these populations, who view voice assistant devices as an important way to manage their medications, communicate with loved ones, and alert emergency services.
Amazon Alexa’s health and wellness team has been working for months on HIPAA compliance, and its team includes Missy Krasner, who previously ran Box’s health care efforts, and Rachel Jiang, who previously worked at Microsoft and Facebook. Jiang announced via the Alexa developer blog that six health partners have been selected for the invitation-only program, and it expects to grow that number in the coming months.
“These new skills are designed to help customers manage a variety of healthcare needs at home simply using voice – whether it’s booking a medical appointment, accessing hospital post-discharge instructions, checking on the status of a prescription delivery, and more,” Jiang wrote in the post.
Since it introduced Alexa, Amazon has seen an uptick in interest in its voice assistant technology from the health sector.
One example is Boston Children’s Hospital, which built a skill called KidsMD, that offers generalized wellness advice.
Now, Boston Children’s has a new HIPAA-compliant skill dubbed “ERAS” for kids and their families that are discharged from the hospital. Through Alexa’s voice assistant, patients and caregivers can ask specific questions about their case from the care team, and doctors can remotely check in on the child’s recovery process.
Another company selected for the program is Livongo, a digital health start-up that works with employers to help them manage workers with chronic medical conditions. The company developed a skill for people with diabetes that use connected glucometers to ask about their blood sugar levels. A user might say something like, “Alexa, ask Livongo what my my blood glucose reading was from this morning” to get a quick response.
Livongo’s president Jenny Schneider told CNBC that there are lots of reasons she expects users to embrace voice technologies, versus SMS messaging or other platforms: “Some of those people might have difficulty reading, or they just have busy lives and it’s just an easy option,” she said. The company estimates that about 20,000 of its customers already have an Alexa device in their home.
Other partners building Alexa health skills include Express Scripts, a pharmacy benefits manager, and Cigna, a health insurer that merged with Express Scripts last year. That suggests Amazon might look to work with Express Scripts as it moves more deeply into the pharmacy sector following its acquisition of Internet pharmacy company PillPack in the summer of 2018, although that remains to be seen.
Express Scripts is building a way for members to check the status of their home delivery prescription, while Cigna described their skill as helping their members “manage health improvement goals.” There’s also a skill from Providence St. Joseph Health, a Seattle health system, for people to find an urgent care center or schedule an appointment, and a similar one from Atrium Health, a health system across North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.
The developers behind these skills pointed to the trend of bringing health to the home, which represents both a cheaper and more convenient option for the patient. It’s also a way for providers, including doctors and nurses, to monitor patients once they leave the home, which both gives them an opportunity to prevent costly readmissions to the hospital.
“We’re in a renaissance of voice technology and voice assistants in health care,” said John Brownstein, chief innovation officer for Boston Children’s Hospital. “It’s so appealing as there’s very little training, it’s low cost and convenient.”
Review Of Spring Wardrobe 2019
Kate Hudson Getting Stronger 2019!
The actress is focused on losing her post-baby weight
Leave it to Kate Hudson to take push-ups to a whole new level.
The 39-year-old actress shared a video from her workout on Friday, where she did a super complicated — and likely super effective — version of a push-up. With her left leg out to the side, Hudson goes down to the floor and then pushes up into a down dog and sticks her left leg into the air.
Hudson powers through four of the push-ups in the video, with her back and arm muscles looking ripped.
“Gettin stronger….! @nicolewinhoffer kicking my 🍑 ,” she captioned the video on Instagram.
Her longtime trainer Nicole Winhoffer reposted Hudson’s video, and said that she calls the move “The Serpent.”
“Low Impact Dynamic Stretch Toning activates our fascia and reshapes our bodies in new ways,” Winhoffer added. “Also it’s really sexy.”
A few of Hudson’s famous friends chimed in to share their amazement at her moves in the comments.
Brooklyn Decker said, “My toothpick arms would collapse and I would die.”
RELATED VIDEO: Kate Hudson Shares Gym Selfie Two Months After Giving Birth to Third Baby
Hangover star Ed Helms joked: “Wow. I can’t do that. I just tried and I wound up pulling 9 muscles, tearing 2 ligaments and farting a little.”
And Vampire Diaries’s Nina Dobrev added: “Get. It. Gurllllll.”
Hudson, who gave birth to her third child, daughter Rani Rose, in October, is determined to “shed 25 lbs.” before she starts filming a new movie in the spring. To reach that goal, she’s working out consistently and also joined WW as their new ambassador in December.
“It came at a perfect time for me, because at this point after having three babies it’s like sense memory. You want to start getting back into shape and to get strong again and focus on your own personal health,” she told PEOPLE. “It’s hard when you have babies. Everyone comes before you, and you have to find that time to just focus in on yourself.”
Luckily, Hudson said that she loves the “challenge” of moving her body.
“I enjoy being disciplined. I enjoy being athletic, and I enjoy being active. So for me it’s actually kind of a fun time to challenge my body again in certain ways,” she says. “After pregnancy, getting your body back into shape for me — especially in fitness — finding my stomach muscles again and pushing myself a little bit harder sometimes are things that I enjoy.”
A Day With Miranda Kerr
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Google Doodle Honors Physicist Hedwig Kohn
Step inside the science lab of the pioneering physicist Hedwig Kohn with a Google Doodle that celebrates her birthday, 132 years later.
Hamburg-based artist Carolin Löbbert pays tribute to the life and accomplishments of the scientist through sketches that gradually become more detailed and colorful, reflecting the progression of Kohn’s exceptional career.
Born in Breslau, which is now Wrocław, Poland on April 5, 1887, Kohn became one of only three women certified to teach physics at a German university before World War II. As a Jewish woman, Kohn was barred from her teaching position in 1933 when Germany’s Nazi regime started to remove Jews from government positions. But she did not give up. She continued her work by taking up research contracts in industrial physics.
In 1940, when it was clear she could no longer safely stay in Germany, she fled to the United States, where was able to pursue her dream of teaching at the Woman’s College of the University of North Carolina and Wellesley College in Massachusetts. In her basement lab, she mentored Ph.D. students in their research and developed her work in flame spectroscopy, a project she had started in 1912, a year before she received her doctorate.
After retiring from teaching in 1952, Kohn took on a research associate position at Duke University in North Carolina. Kohn’s work was published in 20 journals and a textbook that was used to introduce students to radiometry (the science of measuring electromagnetic radiation, including light) well into the 1960s.
She died in 1964 at the age of 77. Her work continues to be cited and her legacy as a resilient pioneer, who found opportunities at a time when they were scarce, will surely be remembered.
Correction, April 5
The original version of this story misstated whether Kohn’s work continues to be used. It is still cited today. The original version of this story also misstated the type of work Kohn did. She worked in flame spectroscopy, not flame spectronomy.
Google Doodle Celebrates Hugh Masekela
Google Doodle honors jazz legend and anti-apartheid hero Hugh Masekela
Lagos (CNN)Google has created a doodle in honor of jazz legend and anti-apartheid hero Hugh Masekela on what would have been his 80th birthday.
Celebration Of The Miniskirt 2019
LONDON — Mary Quant was one of the best-known designers of the Swinging Sixties, a creative and commercial trailblazer who put London fashion on the world map. Synonymous with some of the defining styles of the era such as the miniskirt and hot pants, she helped spark a quantum shift in fashion, pushing the boundaries of acceptable streetwear and challenging the dominance of male French couturiers.
Yet today, the 89-year-old plays second fiddle to many of those better known industry greats.
Now a new exhibition on her life and work, opening April 6 at the Victoria & Albert Museum, aims to rectify that situation. The first international retrospective of her work in almost half a century (the last one was in 1973 at Kensington Palace in London), it focuses on her heyday from 1955 to 1975, with more than 120 garments on display over two floors, along with accessories, cosmetics, sketches and photographs belonging to Ms. Quant, most of which have never been seen before.
“Mary Quant grew up at a time when women were meant to dress like their mothers and went straight out of [school] uniform into pearls and twin sets, particularly in Britain,” Jenny Lister, the exhibition co-curator, said. “With her higher-than-high hemlines, colorful tights and masculine tailored trousers, she helped wipe out British postwar drabness and create a bold new attitude to dressing.
“More than that, as one of the earliest and most eminent female fashion designers, Mary was also a powerful role model for working women,” she added.
Emerging at the time of feminism’s second-wave (after suffrage), Ms. Quant famously said she “didn’t have time to wait for women’s lib.” The exhibition — ranging from the boxy clothes she created for Bazaar, which opened in 1955 as the first boutique on King’s Road (later, the epicenter of ’60s fashion) to some of the thousands of her products that were licensed, mass manufactured and sold around the world — suggests she had an approach to the business of fashion and branding that was far ahead of her time.
Her practical stretchy jersey dresses, pinafores with Peter Pan collars, PVC raincoats and flat shoes are showcased against a backdrop of vibrant Pop Art illustrations. So, too, are the tools she used to propel herself to fame, including her distinctive daisy logo, adventurous approaches to advertising and her personal style (symbolized by short skirts and a Vidal Sassoon-sculpted bob).
“The celebrity designer is an accepted part of the modern fashion system today, but Mary was rare in the ’60s as a brand ambassador for her own clothes and brand,” Ms. Lister said. “She didn’t just sell quirky British cool, she actually was quirky British cool, and the ultimate Chelsea girl.”
The Quant lifestyle empire later encompassed numerous international licenses, including stationery, paint, kitchenware and cosmetics. And, although the exhibition stops in 1975, Ms. Quant did not, going on to author books about her makeup ideas, introduce a limited edition of the Quant Mini car, and open a chain of Mary Quant Colour shops in Japan.
In 2000, she resigned from the company that bore her name, selling it to her Japanese license holders in a deal cloaked in secrecy. She has kept a relatively low profile since then.
What the exhibition underscores is just how much she influenced today’s fashion — some exhibits look as if they came right off the fall runways — and also the impact she had on women’s lives. Indeed, a montage of video and images featuring some of the hundreds of women who responded to the museum’s call out last year under the hashtag #wewantquant, displayed in the show’s upper pavilion, leaves visitors with a renewed sense of the power of Ms. Quant’s name and legacy. Conceived as a way to track down some of the designer’s pieces now in private closets, it became a trove of memories as women described how they bought her clothes to wear to job interviews, birthday parties, work presentations and weddings; how they wore miniskirts to drive mo-peds through their mill hometowns or to present their university theses.
Ms. Quant did not attend previews of the show, but Ms. Lister said she supported the concept.
“The whole point of fashion is to make fashionable clothes available to everyone,” the designer once declared in 1966. By any measure, this retrospective suggests that Ms. Quant — a committed pioneer of feminism and democracy in the industry — did exactly that.
The exhibition “Mary Quant” runs to Feb. 16, 2020. vam.ac.uk.
New Study To Lower Stress Hormones 2019
Just 20 minutes of contact with nature will lower stress hormone levels, reveals new study
- Taking at least 20 minutes out of your day to stroll or sit in a place that makes you feel in contact with nature will significantly lower your stress hormone levels. That’s the finding of a study that has established for the first time the most effective dose of an urban nature experience. Healthcare practitioners can use this discovery to prescribe ‘nature-pills’ in the knowledge that they have a real measurable effect.
Taking at least twenty minutes out of your day to stroll or sit in a place that makes you feel in contact with nature will significantly lower your stress hormone levels. That’s the finding of a study that has established for the first time the most effective dose of an urban nature experience. Healthcare practitioners can use this discovery, published in Frontiers in Psychology, to prescribe ‘nature-pills’ in the knowledge that they have a real measurable effect.
“We know that spending time in nature reduces stress, but until now it was unclear how much is enough, how often to do it, or even what kind of nature experience will benefit us,” says Dr. MaryCarol Hunter, an Associate Professor at the University of Michigan and lead author of this research. “Our study shows that for the greatest payoff, in terms of efficiently lowering levels of the stress hormone cortisol, you should spend 20 to 30 minutes sitting or walking in a place that provides you with a sense of nature.”
A free and natural stress-relieving remedy
Nature pills could be a low-cost solution to reduce the negative health impacts stemming from growing urbanization and indoor lifestyles dominated by screen viewing. To assist healthcare practitioners looking for evidence-based guidelines on what exactly to dispense, Hunter and her colleagues designed an experiment that would give a realistic estimate of an effective dose.
Over an 8-week period, participants were asked to take a nature pill with a duration of 10 minutes or more, at least 3 times a week. Levels of cortisol, a stress hormone, were measured from saliva samples taken before and after a nature pill, once every two weeks.
“Participants were free to choose the time of day, duration, and the place of their nature experience, which was defined as anywhere outside that in the opinion of the participant, made them feel like they’ve interacted with nature. There were a few constraints to minimize factors known to influence stress: take the nature pill in daylight, no aerobic exercise, and avoid the use of social media, internet, phone calls, conversations and reading,” Hunter explains.
She continues, “Building personal flexibility into the experiment, allowed us to identify the optimal duration of a nature pill, no matter when or where it is taken, and under the normal circumstances of modern life, with its unpredictability and hectic scheduling.”
To make allowances for busy lifestyles, while also providing meaningful results, the experimental design was novel in other aspects too.
“We accommodated day to day differences in a participant’s stress status by collecting four snapshots of cortisol change due to a nature pill,” says Hunter. “It also allowed us to identify and account for the impact of the ongoing, natural drop in cortisol level as the day goes on, making the estimate of effective duration more reliable.”
Nature will nurture
The data revealed that just a twenty-minute nature experience was enough to significantly reduce cortisol levels. But if you spent a little more time immersed in a nature experience, 20 to 30 minutes sitting or walking, cortisol levels dropped at their greatest rate. After that, additional de-stressing benefits continue to add up but at a slower rate.
“Healthcare practitioners can use our results as an evidence-based rule of thumb on what to put in a nature-pill prescription,” says Hunter. “It provides the first estimates of how nature experiences impact stress levels in the context of normal daily life. It breaks new ground by addressing some of the complexities of measuring an effective nature dose.”
Hunter hopes this study will form the basis of further research in this area.
“Our experimental approach can be used as a tool to assess how age, gender, seasonality, physical ability and culture influences the effectiveness of nature experiences on well-being. This will allow customized nature pill prescriptions, as well as a deeper insight on how to design cities and wellbeing programs for the public.”
Materials provided by Frontiers. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.
- MaryCarol R. Hunter, Brenda W. Gillespie, Sophie Yu-Pu Chen. Urban Nature Experiences Reduce Stress in the Context of Daily Life Based on Salivary Biomarkers. Frontiers in Psychology, 2019; 10 DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00722
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Hermes Mens Summer 2019
The Factory Kitchen At The Venetian
The Factory Kitchen makes a quick impact on the Venetian’s dining scene
COURTESY THE VENETIAN
From Las Vegas Sun
Since it first opened on the Strip almost 20 years ago, the Venetian has always been a definitive destination for Italian food in Las Vegas. Even as the megaresort’s restaurant lineup has evolved over the years — including the recent addition of diverse flavors at Sugarcane, Chica, Black Tap and Mercato della Pescheria — its culinary offerings have never strayed far from an Italian focus.
The newest destination is the Factory Kitchen, which opened on New Year’s Eve in the Venetian’s “restaurant row” space formerly occupied by B&B Ristorante. Named for the industrial area location in downtown Los Angeles where it originated in 2013, the restaurant is one of several popular concepts from Factory Place Hospitality Group, founded by restaurateur Matteo Ferdinandi and chef Angelo Auriana. The company is also set to bring its Sixth & Mill Pizzeria & Bar to the Venetian’s Grand Canal Shoppes this summer.
“It’s always a good time to expand to Las Vegas,” says Ferdinandi. “Expansion has been a necessity for us in the sense of creating opportunities for everyone. We have a lot of people who have been with us since day one in Los Angeles. Las Vegas is a big platform for exposure and we wanted to come here just for that, to be able to conquer that crowd and do more deals around the country.”
The Factory Kitchen is a much different experience than the more formal but also Italian-focused B&B. The new 152-seat restaurant was designed by Thomas Schlesser of Design Bureaux and includes a neon centerpiece in the intimate 25-seat lounge, hints of orange and forest green throughout a space finished in earth tones and a lively pasta-making station that stretches across the back of the dining room. It fits somewhere between casual and fine dining, which is exactly where Ferdinandi wants to be.
“Italian food is well-suited for Las Vegas today and the [younger] generation because it was never supposed to be fine dining to begin with. It was always the cuisine of the mothers rather than the cuisine of the kings like the French created,” he says. “Las Vegas is a very quick learner and fast adapter to not only the current trend but also anticipating that. What I find in Las Vegas is people who have never lived here don’t know that the community is so ahead, so prepared, so smart. There are not many places like this. The closest thing to New York is actually Las Vegas, it’s not L.A.”
The Factory Kitchen’s menu leans heavily on authentic preparations of regional specialties, “a journey to the Italian peninsula visiting specific cities,” he says. Among the pasta dishes are casonzel, pork sausage and veal ravioli in sage brown butter and the very popular mandilli di seta, “handkerchief” egg pasta with Ligurian almond-basil pesto. The CEO of Factory Place also recommends the frittura, beer-battered baby leeks, butternut squash and chickpea fritters with castelrosso fonduta, and the traditional focaccina calda al formaggio, very thin sheets of pastry dough layered with cheese and other fillings.
There’s plenty of other Italian food options at the Venetian and Palazzo and in virtually every other resort on the Strip, but Ferdinandi believes there’s one factor that sets this food apart.
“It’s the simplicity,” he says. “Dining has changed and everybody is aware of that. We learned a long time ago that between casual and fine dining, the middle ground always wins, and people come to Vegas for different purposes. Our menu is a different approach.
“You want pasta? No problem, it will come out in six minutes. You want to do something to share and go Italian-style with the pasta in the middle and an entrée? Sure. Any sides? We have them. We created a concept that doesn’t dictate anything to you, you dictate the concept. We have all those offerings to make you feel very comfortable.”
The Factory Kitchen is open daily for lunch and dinner from 11 a.m. to 11 p.m.
Why You Need to Eat Fat to Burn Fat
High-fat diets are becoming more and more popular. From athletes and bodybuilders to nutritionists, everyone is saying that you must eat fat to burn fat. This nutrient fills you up quickly, curbs hunger and boosts your metabolism. But is it really healthy to load up on fats — and what can you expect in terms of weight loss?
The Role of Dietary Fat
Most dieters avoid fat at all costs. They always choose low-fat dairy, cook with little or no oil, and would never touch butter, walnuts, ghee and other high-fat foods. While it’s true that eating too much fat can affect your health and well-being, you still need this nutrient to function optimally.
As the American Heart Association points out, dietary fats are essential for health and well-being. They promote cell growth, keep your body warm and supply energy. These nutrients also assist in hormone production and protect your vital organs.
However, not all fats are created equal. Monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats are considered healthy. Saturated fats can be beneficial when consumed in moderation. Trans fats increase bad cholesterol, reduce good cholesterol, trigger inflammation and clog your arteries. In the long run, they may contribute to heart disease, insulin resistance, diabetes, stroke and other life-threatening diseases.
Dietary Fat Fuels Your Body
In order to understand the role of fat in weight loss, it’s important that you know why your body needs it in the first place. Dietary fat serves as a source of energy.Each gram provides nine calories. Carbs and protein, by comparison, deliver four calories per gram.
High-fat foods, such as avocado, tuna, salmon and olive oil, are more nutrient-dense than high-protein and high-carb foods. That’s why you feel full faster after eating peanut butter or walnuts rather than chips or cookies. If you go on a low-carb diet, your body will use fat for fuel.
The ketogenic diet, for example, is high in fat and low in carbs. This eating plan shifts your metabolism from burning glucose to burning stored fat for energy. According to Harvard Medical School, ketogenic diets exhibit neuroprotective effects and support weight loss. Over time, they may improve glycemic control and blood lipids.
Eat Fat to Burn Fat
A diet rich in healthy fats can help you slim down in more than one way. First of all, these nutrients promote satiety, making it easier to reduce your daily food intake. A 2017 clinical trial published in the journal Nutrition found that diets high in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) caused positive changes in fasting and postprandial physiological markers of satiety and hunger in as little as seven days.
Another study, which appeared in the FASEB Journal in 2017, investigated the effects of avocado consumption on appetite control. This fruit is rich in both fiber and dietary fats. According to researchers, increasing the fat and fiber content of a meal promotes satiety to a greater extent then a low-fat, high-carb meal. Subjects who ate avocado for breakfast experienced less hunger and consumed less food over the next six hours.
Health experts say that it’s time to end our fear of fat. A 2016 randomized controlled trial featured in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology shows clearly that high-fat Mediterranean-style diets lead to a greater reduction in body weight and abdominal obesity compared to traditional diets. Dieters who embraced this eating pattern lost massive weight without restricting calories or engaging in regular exercise. Their body weight was monitored closely for five years.
Does the Keto Diet Work?
An example of a high-fat diet for weight loss is the keto diet. This eating plan enjoys huge popularity in the fitness and bodybuilding community. According to the Center for Nutrition Studies, the ketogenic diet was developed in 1924 as an alternative treatment for epilepsy in children. Researchers found that limiting protein and carbs while increasing fat intake caused an increase in ketone bodies, leading to a metabolic state known as ketosis.
Under normal circumstances, your body uses carbs for fuel. After ingestion, carbs are converted to glucose and used for energy. The excess is converted to glycogen and stored in the liver and muscles for later use. Fasting, high-intensity training and low-carb diets deplete the body’s glycogen stores, so the liver begins producing ketone bodies for energy.
The ketogenic diet is based on the principle that eating fat burns fat. If you cut back on carbs for a longer time, ketone bodies start to build up in the blood. Your body enters ketosis and begins to use fat to sustain itself. These metabolic changes, though, cause unpleasant symptoms like bad breath, frequent urination, fatigue, weakness and the so-called keto flu. However, dieters start to feel better as soon as they enter ketosis, which may take a few days to a few weeks.
Potential Benefits of Ketogenic Diets
The benefits of a high-fat diet for weight loss are supported by science. According to a 2014 review published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ketogenic diet plans suppress hunger and trigger positive changes in ghrelin, leptin and other hormones that influence appetite. Furthermore, they increase fat burning and reduce fat storage, boost metabolic rate and stimulate thermogenesis due to the thermic effect of protein.
Some of the studies cited in the review indicate that ketogenic diets may improve mood, prevent cognitive impairment and reduce insulin resistance. In clinical trials, mice fed with low-carb, high-fat foods lived longer and had a lower risk of cancer and metabolic syndrome.
A more recent article, which was published in the Journal of Postgraduate Medicine in 2017, points out that ketogenic diets may be effective in the prevention and treatment of diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, depression, metabolic and endocrine disorders, Alzheimer’s disease, migraines, epilepsy and more.
Researchers agree that despite its health benefits, the keto diet isn’t safe for everyone. Its potential side effects, which range from metabolic acidosis to anorexia, cardiomyopathy and severe hepatic steatosis, shouldn’t be overlooked.
Dietary Fat: Friend or Foe?
A growing body of research shows that dietary fats promote weight loss and support overall health. The problem, though, is that many diet plans, including the keto diet, don’t restrict calories or the types of fats consumed. Some even suggest meal ideas like eggs and bacon, buttery meats, fat bombs and pork rinds. These foods are high in saturated fats and processed ingredients that may lead to chronic health problems.
If you only focus on macronutrients, you could be missing out on essential vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and more. Plus, you might not get enough fiber in your diet, which can lead to constipation and gut flora imbalances.
A high-fat diet for weight loss can definitely help. Just make sure you choose healthy fats and minimally processed foods. Chia seeds, walnuts, avocado, almonds, macadamia nuts, grass-fed meat, wild salmon and olive oil are all excellent choices. Remember, the keto diet isn’t your only option — you can always switch to a Mediterranean-style diet that’s rich in protein, good fats and complex carbs.
Yardbird Southern Table & Bar Las Vegas 2019
If you’re going to pick one place in Las Vegas to order fried chicken, make it Yardbird. The organic, pasture-raised chicken arrives at the table juicy and golden after a 27-hour brining process and is served best alongside a cheddar waffle with maple bourbon syrup and chilled, spicy watermelon.
Brunello Cucinelli Spring Collection 2019
Brunello Cucinelli was in an upbeat mood at his Spring presentation today, and who can blame him? His company just celebrated its 40th anniversary with a grand event held in his native medieval village of Solomeo; in front of an audience of 500 international guests, he unveiled the completion of his lifelong project. He’d restored not only the town’s centuries-old historical sites but also the surroundings, formerly a desolate landscape of anonymous industrial settlements, now transformed into a green oasis of vineyards and orchards.
Cucinelli’s love for his Italian countryside roots was evident in the Spring collection. Titled Rustic Charm, it was an ode to natural ease and comfortable elegance—the label’s strongest style features. The lineup was given a cohesive look through the use of natural fibers like linen, hemp, silk, and cotton, and a color palette of earth tones, inspired by the soft hues of Italy’s Umbrian scenery. The unfussy silhouette was a balanced blend of masculine and feminine ingredients, another one of Cucinelli’s staples. The relaxed feel of soft-tailored, double-breasted blazers in houndstooth linen worn with high-waisted, paper-bag belted pants or with long ruched skirts was discreetly peppered by a glitzy dust of micro paillettes, glimmering also on the lapels of an elongated black tuxedo jacket or on hand-woven crocheted tops.
No matter how laid-back and serene the label’s style appears, there’s always a luxurious edge to it. The entrepreneur has his own rather clear ideas about the concept: “I think that the word ‘luxury’ today has lost its sense, though,” he rhapsodized. “For me, it’s always synonymous with excellence: supreme quality, perfect execution, and exquisite artisanal craftsmanship. You can’t always agree on matters of taste, but the quality level is just non-negotiable.” Then he added, “It’s also a non-negotiable today [to produce] fashion in the most ethical way possible, without being harmful or disrespectful towards people or the environment. In my opinion, democracy first and foremost rhymes with respect.”
There’s Always Room For Dessert!
So, There’s A Scientific Reason Why We Always Have Room For Dessert
‘Dessert stomach’ is a real, miraculous, diet-ruining thing.
Brunello Cucinelli “The King Of Cashmere” 2019
Brunello Cucinelli & family
- The “king of cashmere,” designer Brunello Cucinelli dropped out of engineering school and used a $550 loan to launch a fashion line in 1978.
- Inspired by brightly-colored wool sweaters, he set out to create a similar garment in cashmere.
- Today his eponymous luxury brand is best known for those cashmere sweaters, but also sells dresses, suits, shoes, handbags and accessories.
- Cucinelli took the $630 million (2018 sales) company public in 2012, listing its shares on the Italian stock exchange.
- Since 1985 he has operated Brunello Cucinelli SpA from his headquarters in Solomeo, a medieval Italian hamlet that he has renovated for his employees.
kate spring 2019
ORK, United States — Since its launch in 1993, originally as an accessories brand, Kate Spade New York has always engaged in a uniquely emotional relationship with its customers. Built around a sense of community and shared values before such strategies had even been named, the business has grown to become a fully-fledged lifestyle brand.
Now, under the new creative leadership of Nicola Glass, who joined the business in January 2018, the brand operates with the conviction that, with hard work and determination, absolutely anything is achievable — that success and a better future is possible through harnessing the optimism and initiative of its teams.
Prior to joining Kate Spade New York, Glass was senior vice president of accessories design at Michael Kors, overseeing all design and development for the business’s three accessories product lines — spending a total of 13 years working for the New York company. Before Michael Kors, Glass was an accessories designer at Gucci.
BoF sits down with the Northern Irish creative director to hear more about her role, her experience in joining the company and her first impressions of the Kate Spade New York culture.
What excites you most about working at Kate Spade New York?
One of the first things that was most exciting for me personally about joining Kate Spade New York was that it was my first role as a creative director. I was thrilled to have the opportunity to make my mark on the brand and evolve the codes of the house in my own way, while staying true to the brand heritage. I saw huge potential.
Having watched Tapestry guide the evolution of Coach with Stuart Vevers coming in, as an outsider at the time, I could tell that Stuart was supported by the leadership team in a very holistic way because they allowed him to touch all aspects of the brand, beginning with product but also with marketing, ad campaigns, store designs and more. I think that is very important for a creative director coming in, knowing that you are going to be given 360-degree creative influence so that you can ensure your vision is cohesively felt through all touch points of the brand.
How does Tapestry enable you to be collaborative in your role?
There is great alignment between Tapestry and Kate Spade New York. Tapestry has incredible resources, and the leadership team truly allowed me to come in and decide how I wanted to creatively work in all aspects, whether it was how I wanted to set up the design calendar, how I wanted our social media to be managed, or how I wanted to work with the teams developing the product. They let me set my own processes, rather than enforce the way other brands worked, while supporting me with their amazing depth of experience and capabilities.
I believe in not having too many layers within a team. I like having all the right people in one meeting at one time and making decisions very quickly, while also incorporating different departments, whether it’s marketing or design leads from other product categories, to keep meetings collaborative and efficient. It is also important to incorporate the younger members of the team as well, particularly when you are coming in and setting a new vision for a brand.
How do you develop your team? How does the company support you in doing this?
Kate Spade New York as a company has a lot of initiatives to grow and nurture the talent at the brand. There are different programmes for career development instilled at all levels, through both the internal network at Kate Spade New York but also through Tapestry’s people development team. These development programmes are really important. They cater to meet the individual needs of our employees and offer everything from executive coaching to building skills in areas that drive performance, as well as innovation and accountability.
Development programmes are really important, and they cater to meet the individual needs.
We have a very collaborative environment at Kate Spade New York, in which our teams often work cross-functionally, and we are committed to developing our teams through compelling and meaningful work experiences and projects at every level. For example, when I joined the brand, Kate Spade New York didn’t have a design team dedicated to hardware, by which I mean [designers for] the metal elements on a handbag. The handbag team was designing the hardware but there weren’t people with those specific skills working on it.
However, we have a small home furnishings design team, which focuses on the development of our home categories, including lighting and tableware. They came in to get some ideas for hardware and started coming up with other ideas. They’d never designed closures on handbags before, but they were excited to work in a different area and collaborate with the handbag team, and we came up with some incredible pieces. Now one of the designers, a very young woman who was on the home design team, is effectively leading the hardware design for handbags and she’s really excited to be in this new role.
How would you describe the company culture of Kate Spade New York?
Our company culture is a true differentiator and it really impressed me when I first arrived. There’s a strong sense of camaraderie and community at Kate Spade New York, and there’s a very passionate and creative culture. It’s been that way since Kate and Andy Spade founded the brand over 25 years ago, when Kate, a young and entrepreneurial woman, started from scratch in her apartment with one handbag design, which has evolved into a global lifestyle brand. Despite our enormous growth over the past 25 years, it remains a nimble and entrepreneurial place, something we have retained from the legacy of our founding.
What’s also quite unique about Kate Spade New York is the commitment the brand has to female empowerment. Not only is 85 percent of the company female, but 85 percent of the senior leadership is female. We’re also one of the few brands in the industry where both the creative director and the brand president are women. I think that’s very inspiring to employees too — they can see there’s no glass ceiling.
[The commitment to female empowerment] is inspiring to employees — they can see there’s no glass ceiling.
Everyone is passionately working for the brand and working together to support each other. At the same time, people do hold each other accountable. There’s a lot of spirited, open dialogue which is done in a way that’s encouraging. As a company, the culture is focused on allowing and encouraging women to be the heroines of their own stories, which is true in the sense that people aren’t afraid to come up with ideas on all levels, and everyone’s voice is heard, which is a really positive thing.
What are the unique challenges and opportunities ahead?
I’ve been at Kate Spade New York for a little over a year, and although some of my designs were released early in stores in the past year, only recently — at the end of January — has my first collection officially hit stores. Meanwhile, we’re in the midst of designing my fifth collection for the brand — we’re four seasons ahead of the collection that’s in stores now. So, it is a challenge because you’re waiting, eager to see some results from the consumer. It’s nice to have a pulse check in order to decide how to move forward.
The opportunities are in how quickly and nimbly we can respond to what the consumer is telling us, and the ability to keep charging forward with the teams. But it’s also important to take a moment to reflect and capitalise on some early wins — like when you start to see real women out in the world and on social media, from all walks of life, wearing your designs with pride.
Our opportunities expand beyond the product itself. We just released our first advertising campaign, our website has been redone, and we have a new creative approach to social media, just to name a few — all of these different areas that we’ve been working on internally for a year have only been revealed in the last four weeks. We’re also seeing how people are responding and engaging. The response to my new vision for the brand is touching everyone in the company and it is incredibly exciting.
Vince Spring Collection 2019
The days of “elevated basics” are over at Vince. A better way to describe the label’s cashmere knits, elegant blouses, and soft tailoring now might be “low-key luxury.” Caroline Belhumeur joined as creative director about a year ago, and has been working closely with Vince’s brand director, Tomoko Ogura (who came on two years ago, after her 12-year stint at Barneys), to elevate and refine the label—and, at the same time, bring it a bit more down to earth. Vince was formerly associated with workwear and simple, upscale—but not always covetable—pieces, but the brand’s Spring 2019 collection had a sense of warmth.
The palette was warm, for starters: olive, poppy, every shade of sand, and a glow-y marigold satin. But there was also a new softness, both in fabric and silhouette, that gave the clothes a different attitude, rooted in Vince’s California heritage. (Did you know Vince is a Los Angeles brand? A lot of people don’t.) A few cashmere hoodies and light puffer jackets touched on L.A.’s active lifestyle, but dressing for the West Coast is really about finding that balance between undone and elegant.
Knitwear is the most familiar category for Vince; the luxe, summer-weight cashmere and merino knits here were reliably good. The proportions have changed a bit, though: Belhumeur scaled things down and designed knitwear with an eye toward the trousers, skirts, and silk basketball shorts you’d actually wear with it. On that note, the cargo-style midi skirts stood out, and there were a few pairs of excellent new pants: low-slung jeans, belted pin-striped trousers, and a silky, wide-leg pair with a drawstring waist. Those pieces were simple, sure—maybe you’d even call them “basics”—but they were also seriously desirable, and that might be the key difference between old and new Vince.
Dr. Oz ‘s Non Diet Diet 2019
Nike is having a major sale at the moment, and everything from sneakers to athletic gear are up to 40 percent off. Since, clearly, we have a fascination with sneakers (see here and here), it would be a disservice not to mention all the incredible pairs that are on sale right now. And, we know you have to leave room in the budget for a spring wardrobe, so we found 10 kickass pairs of Nikes for under $150. Shop them all, below.
The “dad” sneaker gets a feminine makeover with this plum-colored Nike option. It features a combination of upper and lightweight foam cushioning for stretch, support, and comfort. Pair with your favorite cream-colored maxi dress.
The blaze style was introduced by Nike in 1972, and has become a modern wardrobe staple. This black pair of kicks can be worn with anything from camo pants to denim shorts and a t-shirt for that sporty street style look.
The Nike Metcon 4 XD is here for all your cross-training needs. Between the firm rubber heel (to provide stability for high-intensity intervals) and the low-profile heel clip on the sides (to help minimize drag during wall exercises and handstand pushups), the benefits to get you through your workout are worth the price.
If you’re a runner, you need to give these Nike Zoom Fly Flyknits a try. You’ll feel like you’re sprinting on a fluffy cloud, thanks to the lightweight structure of the shoe.
These sneakers popped up in MC.com’s best white sneakers round-up, and now they’re on sale. (Is it fate I should get them?) I love how the laces are on the back instead of the front and a high-top silhouette makes it look unique from its low top counterparts.
Though the cortez style has been around since 1972, Bella Hadid really brought it back with her 2017 Nike campaign. If you missed your chance at buying a pair the first time around, scoop this beige option up. The neutral hue pairs well with all of your spring/summer floral dresses.
If your cortez kicks are beat up, consider upgrading to the premium style, which features a less rounded toe and a more visible 3D Nike check logo. Leather construction provides comfortable support while foam soles give the shoe a lightweight cushioning.
For a street style shoe that will stop traffic when you cross the street, pick up these Nike Vandal High LX kicks. They’re splashed with the phrase “this game is mine,” because you’ve got this.
Skip the laces entirely if you’re aiming to get out the door quickly for your workout session. The Nike Rise React Flyknit features a lightweight stretch upper and molded heels for a secure, stable feel.
For a bold leather sneaker detail, opt for gold studs like these. The design’s a modern version of the tiny star prints on the old AF1 style. Sizes are quickly selling out, so get yours now.
For more stories like this, including celebrity news, beauty and fashion advice, savvy political commentary, and fascinating features, sign up for the Marie Claire newsletter.
6 Actors Who Have Been Fired From a TV Show or Movie
The Best Summer Hats
Hats to Shop Even If You’re Not a “Hat Person”
LOLA HATSMatches Fashion
An open raffia hat ideal for days spent on a boat, perusing your favorite stores on the weekends, or really anywhere you want to look like an off-duty model.
The solution to humid, frizz-prone rainy days? This waterproof high-gloss bucket hat that’s the epitome of fashion brilliance.
The ribbon on this classic straw hat adds some charm to a casual summer look.
The solution to humid, frizz-prone rainy days? This waterproof high-gloss bucket hat that’s the epitome of fashion brilliance.
LOLA HATSMatches Fashion
An open raffia hat ideal for days spent on a boat, perusing your favorite stores on the weekends, or really anywhere you want to look like an off-duty model.
The ribbon on this classic straw hat adds some charm to a casual summer look.
Gone are the days when the visor was reserved for your mom and her tennis friends.
This slightly-frayed hat fits the bill for a Fourth of July on the water or year-round.
Oh, don’t mind me and my party hat on the way to happy hour.
Levi Strauss & Company, the denim company that traces its roots to the days of the California Gold Rush, started trading publicly on Thursday for the second time in its 165-year history.
The company’s shares were priced at $ 17 each, giving it a valuation of roughly $ 6.6 billion. The stock opened at $ 22.22 and jumped in trading by noon in New York, where the stock exchange suspended its prohibition on wearing jeans for the day.
Levi’s, which sells jeans and Dockers, has been undergoing a turnaround for the better part of the past decade under its chief executive, Charles V. Bergh, who joined the company in 2011. While the San Francisco company has yet to return to its peak of the 1990s, Mr. Bergh has overseen an increase in sales to $ 5.6 billion last year, with net profit of $ 285 million.
[Being publicly traded is the latest chapter in the story of the 165-year-old company.]
The company was founded by Levi Strauss, who immigrated to the United States from Bavaria and set up shop in San Francisco in 1853 with a wholesale dry goods business. Twenty years later, he and a business partner received a patent for “waist overalls” with metal rivets at points of strain — a garment known today as the blue jean.
The company first listed its shares in the 1970s, but was taken private in 1985 through a leveraged buyout led by descendants of Strauss, known as the Haas family. They wanted to take a longer-term view of the business rather than focus on short-term results and fluctuations. Strauss died without children in 1902 and left the company to his nephews. Family members have controlled the business ever since.
Levi’s will raise more than $ 100 million from the offering, which it plans to use for general corporate purposes and possibly acquisitions, according to its regulatory filings. Much of the offering’s proceeds will go to the Haas family.
Members of the Haas family, known for their donations to the University of California, Berkeley, where the business school carries the family name, will hold about 80 percent of the voting shares after the offering.
Spend a day counting the number of women you see wearing hoop earrings. (Never mind. You’ll lose track.)
But basic doesn’t mean boring. Reimagined this year in variations embellished with rows of seed pearls, enameled roses, gold snakes and dangling gemstones, hoops are having a moment. Just don’t call it a comeback.
“Trends change but they really never go away,” said the New York-based designer Jennifer Fisher, sometimes described as the “queen of hoops.” Her collection includes 20 variations, each available in three different metal finishes and three or four sizes.
“Hoops feel, in a way, like denim,” she said. “They’ve been around for thousands of years and culturally, they represent different things, but hoops are something you can’t have too many of.”
The ancients certainly thought so. “Hoop earrings have a pedigree going back at least 5,000 years,” said Kim Benzel, a curator at the Metropolitan Museum of Art who worked on “Jewelry: The Body Transformed,” a major exhibition that closed in February.
“Spectacular gold examples, some of them almost three inches in diameter, were worn by many of the women buried in the so-called Royal Cemetery at Ur in ancient Mesopotamia in 2500 B.C.,” Ms. Benzel said. “They were part of an impressive ensemble of jewelry that included gold hair ornaments and necklaces, creating a radiant surround for the head.”
For modern-day women seeking that golden glow, hoops — available in a virtually infinite variety of sizes, materials and price points — are an easy sell.
“You don’t have to wait for someone to buy them for you,” said the Los Angeles designer Adina Reyter, whose 17-year-old line has always included hoop earrings, as well as their smaller, crescent-shaped siblings, known as huggies. “They become part of your uniform.”
Ms. Reyter’s comment underscores fashion’s longstanding love affair with hoops, as evidenced by their appearance last fall on catwalks from New York to Milan.
Valentino, Derek Lam and Sonia Rykiel are a mere handful of the fashion houses that have interpreted the accessory for 2019 spring collections.
“Hoops bring this foxy look to any style,” the Copenhagen-based jeweler Orit Elhanati said.
She recently introduced a fine collection, Roxy Girl, alongside a fashion collection, X, both of which feature hoops. “It doesn’t matter if they are used to get that J-Lo street vibe, a punk thing or worn by a classic woman, hoops are empowering and playful and are here to stay.”
The timelessness of the silhouette helps explain why a new crop of jewelers has begun to experiment with the style. From his studio in Athens, the designer Nikos Koulis has heaped pearls and diamonds on hoops to create the ornate versions that appear in his new Lingerie collection.
“A hoop, in my case, is seldom a simple round hoop,” Mr. Koulis said. “It is usually an intricate blend of forms and sizes, using, for instance, triangular white diamonds next to round pearls or golden balls. I like to combine soft with edgier forms.”
The jagged hoops in the Elementa collection by Venyx, a futuristic-looking brand based in London that owes its cool-girl ethos to its designer, Eugenie Niarchos, bypassed curves for sharp angles. And the out-of-this-world Saturnation Hoops by Alina Abegg — part of the Berlin-based designer’s 2017 Cosmic Escape debut collection featuring extraterrestrial pieces “inspired by the mystery of our universe,” according to Ms. Abegg — include a South Sea pearl “planet” suspended on a delicate 18-karat rose gold chain.
In their purest form, however, hoop earrings honor the sacred geometry of the circle, a shape that has long resonated with the award-winning designer Fernando Jorge.
His Brilliant collection includes a pair of front-facing hoops accented with 3.34 carats of round brilliant diamonds in diminishing sizes.
“I was looking at diamonds and thinking about purity and perfect circles,” he said. “In the last three years, we have seen more and more of the circular earrings. But I don’t feel tired or exhausted by them.
“If my intuition coincides with something happening in multiple places,” he continued, “I just challenge myself even harder to make it my own.”
Three or more eggs a week increase your risk of heart disease and early death, study says
First things first: “Petite” doesn’t just mean short and slim.
1. For bustier petites, balance is key.
2. Smaller frame? Depending on the brand, don’t overlook kids’ sizes.
This can also apply to standard sizes:
3. And the same goes for shoes.
4. Use layers to fake a perfect fit.
If an item is fine in some spots but too big in others, use layers to strategically cover the latter. More examples of faking fit here.
5. Get familiar with easy at-home alterations that you can do yourself.
6. At the same time, know when to invest in a professional tailor.
7. Cuff long shirts at the elbow.
8. Or cuff long jeans for a quick makeshift hem.
Roll them up or tuck them under. More here.
9. With maxis, pay extra attention to silhouette.
10. The same goes for high-waisted bottoms and crop tops.
Again, balance is key. Pair a fitted crop top with high-waisted skirts or shorts, says Gordon. This can help balance both halves without sacrificing shape.
11. Invest in narrow, petite-friendly hangers.
Small-shouldered clothing doesn’t always mix well with wide, standard hangers — the hanger pokes into the fabric, leaving you with stretched material. Companies like Only Hangers make slimmer and bendable versions.
12. Streamline a silhouette by getting rid of distracting details.
On a longer torso, the ruched sleeves on this H&M blazer would end closer to the forearm — but here, they awkwardly stop mid-wrist. A quick fix? Snipping the elastics. How-to here.
13. Pair shoes and bottoms that are similar in color — like black heels with black tights — to elongate your legs.
The matched color scheme helps create the illusion of a longer line. “Look for shoes in shades of tan or brown similar to your own skin tone, and don’t be afraid to experiment with metallics which can surprisingly function as a neutral,” said Wang.
14. Lengthen your torso by wearing a longer fitted shirt underneath a cropped sweater:
The contrast breaks things up. (And a cropped top over a fitted or fit-and-flare dress works well too, says Gordon.) More looks here.
15. Clothing that’s stretched over time or doesn’t fit quite right? Depending on the fabric, you might be able to (carefully!) shrink it:
16. Know which brands are petite-friendly.
17. And finally — be confident in whatever you wear.
“Don’t believe that the goal of everything you wear is to make you look taller,” Tucker said. “Embracing your body and wearing what you love and feel confident in is always a better idea.”
10 signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome
Disrupted communication between the gut and brain causes the signs and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This type of condition is a functional gastrointestinal disorder.
Research is still ongoing into exactly why some people get IBS. It may be that their gut is especially sensitive to stress or certain foods.
Around 12 percent of adults in the United States have IBS. Women are twice as likely to have IBS than men. It is also more common in people under the age of 50.
This article explores 10 symptoms of IBS. Read on to learn how to recognize it. We also discuss other conditions that could cause similar symptoms.
1. Pain and cramps
A person with IBS will experience pain in the lower abdomen.
Experiencing pain and cramps in the lower abdomen are two of the main symptoms of IBS.
An oversensitivity of the gut likely causes these symptoms.
IBS affects how the brain and gut work together, and the condition may cause the muscles in the gut to contract more than they need to for a normal bowel movement.
Excessive gut muscle contractions may lead to lower abdominal pain and cramping.
2. Excessive gas
People with IBS may experience excessive gas. Doctors do not know the exact reason for this, though there are several theories.
One theory is that IBS causes a problem with bacteria in the gut. Bacteria can create certain toxins that may cause excessive gas.
Another theory is that the guts of people with IBS are less able to tolerate and transport gas. This leads to people with IBS feeling more gassy than other people.
Feeling bloated is another symptom of IBS. Bloating refers to a collection of gas in the gut, which can cause the abdomen to feel full and appear rounder than usual. The same factors that cause excessive gas in IBS may also cause bloating.
Diarrhea is a key symptom of IBS. It happens because the muscles in the gut contract more than they need to. Diarrhea may be accompanied by a feeling of muscle cramps.
To produce a normal bowel movement, the gut contracts and relaxes in a rhythmic way. In IBS, however, this rhythm is disrupted. IBS can either speed up or slow down gut muscle contractions. So, IBS can cause both constipation and diarrhea at different times.
As with other IBS symptoms, diarrhea is related to how the brain and gut communicate. Research into exactly why this happens is ongoing.
Constipation occurs when a person finds it difficult to pass stool. A person has constipation when they have:
- fewer than three bowel movements in a week
- hard, dry, or lumpy stools
- difficulty or pain when passing stool
- a feeling of an incomplete bowel movement
There are many possible causes of constipation, including dehydration, a lack of fiber in the diet, and stress. IBS can also cause constipation by affecting how the muscles in the gut contract.
When someone is constipated, their gut muscles do not contract as much as they should.
Depending on a person’s specific symptoms, a doctor may refer to the following types of IBS:
- IBS with diarrhea, which is diarrhea and only occasional constipation
- IBS with constipation, which is constipation and only occasional diarrhea
- IBS with mixed bowel habits, which is when a person regularly has both constipation and diarrhea
Doctors may also refer to constipation-predominant and diarrhea-predominant IBS.
6. Sensitivity to fermentable oligo-, di-, mono-saccharides and polyols
Eating onions or garlic can increase intestinal gas.
FODMAPs can increase the amount of water going into the gut, and bacteria in the gut may cause them to ferment. This can increase intestinal gas.
People may be able to reduce the symptoms of IBS by avoiding high-FODMAP foods, which include:
For many people with IBS, eating FODMAPs triggers other IBS signs and symptoms. A 2017 meta-analysis found that consuming a low-FODMAP diet may improve symptoms of IBS.
Feeling very tired or fatigued is another common symptom of IBS.
More research is needed, as medical professionals still do not fully understand why IBS sometimes leads to fatigue.
8. Joint pain
People with IBS may be more likely to experience joint pain. Scientists still do not know why, but it may be due to increased inflammation in the body.
A 2017 study found that people with IBS had an increased risk of a type of joint pain called temporomandibular disorder. More research is needed to understand this link, however.
9. Feeling stressed
There is a strong link between IBS and stress. The nervous system controls the gut as well as responds to psychological stress.
The link between IBS and stress goes both ways. Feeling stressed can worsen IBS symptoms, and the physical symptoms of IBS can cause psychological distress.
10. Brain fog
Intestinal gas and bloating, which are symptoms of IBS, are also linked with brain fog.
Brain fog, or foggy thinking, describes mental confusion, impaired judgement, and trouble concentrating.
More research is needed to fully understand the link between problems with the gut and brain fog, however.
What else could it be?
Some IBS and celiac disease symptoms are the same.
IBS is not the only explanation for the symptoms explored in this article. It is best to speak to a doctor to get a proper diagnosis.
Experiencing excessive gas or bloating does not necessarily mean that a person has IBS. If they start to become gassy soon after eating, they may have small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.
Also, getting diarrhea frequently or urgently may be a sign of:
- inflammatory bowel disease
- celiac disease
- bile acid malabsorption
- dumping syndrome
IBS is a long-term health condition that can affect a person’s well-being if they do not seek treatment. Understanding the signs and symptoms of IBS can help a person experiencing the condition to get appropriate help.
Many treatment options are available to help a person with IBS manage their condition. Many of these focus on the link between stress and IBS. A doctor may also recommend counseling and progressive relaxation techniques as a way to ease symptoms.
Google Doodle pays tribute to Japanese inventor Seiichi Miyake
His invention, the tenji block, changed the way the visually impaired interact with the world.
When Seiichi Miyake found out a close friend was losing the ability to see clearly, he wanted to help. That desire led to an entirely new way for the visually impaired to navigate big cities, railways and parks.
In 1965, Miyake invented the tactile paving slab (or “tenji block” in Japan) with his own money. Monday’s Google Doodle celebrates the introduction of the block 52 years ago.
The tenji blocks were first installed in the Japanese city of Okayama on March 18, 1967, next to a school for the blind, and they would go on to revolutionize the way the visually impaired interact with the world, making it safer and easier to get around public spaces independently.
Miyake’s original design, which was installed in all Japan Railway platforms in the 1970s and rapidly found its way to cities across the globe, featured two tactile patterns that people with visual impairments can detect with a cane or through their feet — providing cues on which way they should head.
One pattern features a series of raised lines that indicate “forward”. The second design is commonly referred to as the “truncated domes” pattern, a series of small bumps that act as a “stop” sign — typically at the edge of a train platform or before a motorway.
been designed since, with smaller raised dots or more pill-shaped bumps signifying different directional cues. For instance, when the raised lines are horizontal in the direction of travel, that might mean “look out for steps ahead”.
All of those cues, which many may not even notice as they wander through a city, are incredibly important for those with limited vision.
Ladylike quilting and chains: the link to a pulled-together look. The Fleming handbag collection — from totes and shoulder bags to swingpacks and mini bags.
“National Nutrition Week”, initiated in March 1973, was embraced by members of the American Dietetic Association (now the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics) as a way to deliver nutrition education messages to the public while promoting the profession of dietetics. In 1980, in response to growing public interest in nutrition, the week-long celebration expanded to become a month-long observance. Read more about its past in the article, “National Nutrition Month: A Brief History.”
2019 NNM Campaign
In an effort to accommodate the diverse areas in which National Nutrition Month® is celebrated and allow greater flexibility in the promotion of healthful messages, this year National Nutrition Month® will be honored as its own theme. This will allow the NNM campaign to focus on its original purpose, which is: “To increase the public’s awareness of the importance of good nutrition and position registered dietitian nutritionists as the authorities in nutrition.”
During National Nutrition Month®, help the Academy achieve its vision of a world where all people thrive through the transformative power of food and nutrition.
The Academy’s mission is to promote optimal nutrition and well-being for all people by advocating for its members. With more than 100,000 credentialed practitioners, the Academy is the world’s largest organization of food and nutrition professionals. The majority of the Academy’s members are registered dietitian nutritionists and nutrition and dietetics technicians, registered.
National Nutrition Month® is the property of the Academy. Its use is encouraged, but only in accordance with the Academy’s published guidelines. Unauthorized use is strictly prohibited.
Be sure to revisit the Academy’s National Nutrition Month® website in the upcoming months for new and updated resources to help make your NNM 2019 celebration an infinite success!
For More Information
A1 vs. A2 Milk — Does It Matter?
The health effects of milk may depend on the breed of cow it came from.
Currently, A2 milk is marketed as a healthier choice than regular A1 milk.
Proponents assert that A2 has several health benefits and is easier for people with lactose intolerance to digest.
This article takes an objective look at the science behind A1 and A2 milk.
Casein is the largest group of proteins in milk, making up about 80% of total protein content.
The two most common forms are:
- A1 beta-casein. Milk from breeds of cows that originated in northern Europe is generally high in A1 beta-casein. These breeds include Holstein, Friesian, Ayrshire, and British Shorthorn.
- A2 beta-casein. Milk that is high in A2 beta-casein is mainly found in breeds that originated in the Channel Islands and southern France. These include Guernsey, Jersey, Charolais, and Limousin cows (1, 2).
Regular milk contains both A1 and A2 beta-casein, but A2 milk contains only A2 beta-casein.
Some studies suggest that A1 beta-casein may be harmful and that A2 beta-casein is a safer choice.
Thus, there is some public and scientific debate over these two types of milk.
A2 milk is produced and marketed by the A2 Milk Company and contains no A1 beta-casein.
SUMMARYA1 and A2 milk contain different types of beta-casein protein. Some studies indicate that A2 milk may be the healthier of the two.
It’s the reason why some people believe regular milk to be less healthy than A2 milk.
While BCM-7 may affect your digestive system, it’s still unclear to what extent BCM-7 is absorbed intact into your blood.
While BCM-7 has been extensively researched, its overall health effects remain unclear.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is typically diagnosed in children and characterized by a lack of insulin.
However, these studies are observational. They cannot prove that A1 beta-casein causes type 1 diabetes — only that those who are getting more of it are at a higher risk.
So far, no clinical trials in humans have investigated the effect of A1 beta-casein on type 1 diabetes.
One test in rabbits showed that A1 beta-casein promoted fat buildup in injured blood vessels. This buildup was much lower when the rabbits consumed A2 beta-casein (15).
In one study in 15 adults at high risk of heart disease, no significant adverse effects were observed. A1 and A2 had similar effects on blood vessel function, blood pressure, blood fats, and inflammatory markers (16).
Another study found no significant differences in the effects of A1 and A2 casein on blood cholesterol (17).
Sudden infant death syndrome
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the most common cause of death in infants under 12 months old.
SIDS is the unexpected death of an infant without an apparent cause (18).
Some researchers have speculated that BCM-7 may be involved in some cases of SIDS (19).
One study found high levels of BCM-7 in the blood of infants who temporarily stopped breathing during sleep. This condition, known as sleep apnea, is linked to an increased risk of SIDS (7).
These results indicate that some children may be sensitive to the A1 beta-casein found in cow’s milk. Yet, further studies are needed before any firm conclusions can be reached.
Autism is a mental condition characterized by poor social interaction and repetitive behavior.
One study in infants found higher levels of BCM-7 in those fed cow’s milk compared to those who were breastfed. Notably, levels of BCM-7 dropped quickly in some of the infants while remaining high in others.
For those who retained these high levels, BCM-7 was strongly associated with an impaired ability to plan and perform actions (8).
So far, no human trials have specifically investigated the effects of A1 and A2 milk on autism symptoms.
SUMMARYA few studies suggest that A1 beta-casein and the peptide BCM-7 may be linked to diabetes, heart disease, autism, and SIDS. Still, results are mixed and more research is needed.
Lactose intolerance is the inability to fully digest milk sugar (lactose). This is a common cause of bloating, gas, and diarrhea.
The amount of lactose in A1 and A2 milk is the same. However, some people feel that A2 milk causes less bloating than A1 milk.
Scientists have suggested that certain milk proteins may be responsible for some people’s milk intolerance.
One study in 41 people showed that A1 milk causes softer stools than A2 milk in some individuals, while another study in Chinese adults found that A2 milk led to significantly less digestive discomfort after meals (28, 29).
SUMMARYGrowing evidence suggests that A1 beta-casein triggers adverse digestive symptoms in some people.
Debate about the potential health effects of A1 and A2 milk is ongoing.
Research suggests that A1 beta-casein causes adverse digestive symptoms in certain individuals.
But the evidence is still too weak for any solid conclusions to be made about the supposed links between A1 beta-casein and other conditions, such as type 1 diabetes and autism.
That said, A2 milk could be worth a try if you struggle to digest regular milk.
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New York Times